OBSAH / CONTENTS
The Morosinis in Hungary under King Andrew III and the two versions of the death of the Queen of Hungary Tommasina
The youngest son of King Andrew II, Stephen lived in exile in Venice, where he married a local noble woman Tommasina Morosini and had a son Andrew with her. After Stephen’s death, Andrew was brought up by his uncle Albertino. Meanwhile in the Kingdom of Hungary the direct line of the House of Arpád died out. Andrew’s candidacy succeeded with the support of the domestic clergy. His succession was opposed by Ladislav’s sister, Maria wife of King Charles II of Naples from the House of Anjou. Aristocrats in the southern part of the kingdom formed the domestic opposition. Andrew was supported by his mother Tommasina and uncle Albertino from Venice. After ten years Andrew III had the situation firmly in his hands thanks to the support of the lesser nobility, but on 14th January 1301 he suddenly died.The official historiography based on the Austrian chronicle of Ottokar von Horneck holds the view that Tommasina already died before him. However, according to a less well-known version of the chronicle of Donato Contarini, she died in her native Venice a few years after her son Andrew.
History. Hungary. Morosinis in Hungary under the King Andrew III and the two versions of the death of the Queen of Hungary Tommasina.
Nation, nationalities, state : On the politics of ethnic enthusiasm
The study presents an analytical description of key factors and an analysis of basic concepts in the transformation of a society of estates into a society of citizens in the Kingdom of Hungary against the background of contradictory nationalizing processes: ethnic and political. In relation to the actors, that is the types of elites involved in this process, differing in available resources, social and political capital, it was a matter of a clash of nationalisms generated from above – from the level of the government, and from below from the level outside the political institutions. It was a clash between official political and nationality nationalisms. Nationality or ethnic nationalism, its way of thinking, construction and instrumentalization of collective identity using historical argumentation is placed in the centre of attention.
History. Revival. Reform. Nation. Nationality. Identity. Equality.
The social representations of the Slovaks in the north Hungarian Magyar Regional Press in the Years 1914 – 1918
In this study the author analyses the changes of social representations of the Slovak speaking population of the north-western part of the Hungarian Kingdom in the regional Magyar press during the years of the Great War. The article is based on analyses of five Magyar regional newspapers (issued in mainly Slovak inhabited areas), in which the author explores the usage of various categories (such as “people/folk”, “nationality”, “nation”, as well as notions of “loyalty”, “treacherousness”, and “Pan-Slavism”) and stereotypes as they were utilized in the representations of the Slovaks. The analyses follows how the seemingly subtle changes within the predominant Hunagarian/Magyar nationalist ideology of the “Hungarian (political) nation” and particular events in the domestic policy and abroad (the policy of limited cooperation with the leaders of of the non/Hungarian nationalist movements pursued by the prime minister I. Tisza on the eve of the World War, and the activities of Czech and Slovak politicians in exile, and of the Czech members of parliament in the Vienna Reichsrat during the last two years of the war) influenced and in fact changed the social representations of the Slovak population within tthe period Hungarian/Magyar discourse.
Social representations. Hungarian/Magyar and Slovak nationalism. Nationalist discourses. Social categories of nation, nationality and people` World War I, 1914 –1918
The role of the commercial banks in Aryanization in Slovakia, 1939 – 1945
In the conditions of the wartime Slovak Republic, the commercial banks with Slovak management played a key role in extending the control of Slovak capital over areas of business controlled by other nationalities, especially Czechs and Jews. However, they had only a secondary position in capital expansion, because the most important businesses in Slovakia were controlled by the banks and companies of Nazi Germany. From autumn 1940, the Slovak commercial banks and other financial institutions fulfilled an entirely new role in the process of state directed Aryanization of Jewish property. They became passive mediators of the transfer of Jewish property from the hands of the Jewish community into the possession of the state. The commercial banks also became the main source of finance for further anti-Jewish actions including the deportations to extermination camps. A wave of opposition began to arise against participation in Aryanization and actions against the Jewish community.
History. Slovakia. The role of the commercial banks in Aryanization in Slovakia, 1939 – 1945.
The views of Slovak economists on the economic position of Slovakia at the turn of the years 1967/1968
The author concerned himself with the views of Slovak economists at the end of 1967 and in the first half of 1968 on the problem of the position of the Slovak economy in the economic unit of the whole state. The freer political atmosphere enabled criticism of the course of economic reforms up to then and pointed to various problems accompanying the development of the Slovak economy during the era of “building socialism”. In the course of spring 1968 this problem acquired importance in connection with the overall solution of the Slovak national question in this period, and came into the foreground especially in connection with the preparations to federalize the state. The study also points to the variety of views of Slovak and Czech economists on the problem of the economic content of the federation. The quantity of new ideas from Slovak economists produced during the spring of 1968 also shows their preparedness to solve problems on a new level.
History. Czechoslovakia. The views of Slovak economists on the economic position of Slovakia at the turn of the years 1967/1968.
The Attempt to Construct a Marxist master narrative in the Period 1948 – 1955
The study is concerned with the development of Slovak historical science in the period 1948 – 1955. Its institutional and personal development is analysed, together with the methods of control and direction by the communist regime. The main interest is devoted to the problems of applying Marxism to Slovak historiography. The second part of the study consists of an outline of the way Marxist historiography interpreted and evaluated the key periods of Slovak history. Attention is also devoted to the formation of the Marxist periodization of Slovak history. The result was a framework for the Slovak Marxist national story, used in later synthetic works.
Master narrative. Marxist historiography. Concept of Czechoslovak history.
RECENZIE / REVIEWS
DVOŘÁKOVÁ Daniela, Horse and Man in the Middle Ages (Martin Štefánik) S. 133
DANGL Vojtech, The Army and Society around 1900 (Roman Holec) S. 137
KRAJČOVIČOVÁ Natália, Emil Stodola (Matej Hanula) S. 140
HOLEC Roman – HALLON Ľudovít, The Tatra banka in the Mirror of History (František Chudják) S. 143
KRITIK – GLOSSEN – BIBLIOGRAPHIE – CHRONIK