OBSAH / CONTENTS
The County of Bratislava
The County of Bratislava had its castle district (hradský obvod, hradský vidiek, vármegye) and castle demesne (hradská župa, hradské španstvo, várispanság). The castle demesne was the castle property, where its castrenses and iobagiones lived. The territory of the Bratislava castle district had three districts: Podhorie, Medzivodie and Čalov (Ostrov – the Island). Three small counties were also subject to the Sheriff of Bratislava: The County of Stupava consisted of the southern tip of Záhorie. It was dissolved when the king granted Stupava, Devín and the rest of the County of Stupava to the Austrian Count Ruger of Tallesbrunn, probably in 1296. The County of Šaštín or later Holíč included the greater part of Záhorie. In 1296, King Andrew III granted the County of Holíč, or to be more exact its demesne to the deputy sheriff (podžupan) of Bratislava Abraham Rufus. The County of Šintava did not have a castle district, but only a small and very scattered demesne. The Sheriff of Šintava Truslef died in 1261 and the king gave Šintava Castle and its whole county to Truslef’s brother Leopold.
The County of Bratislava. Bratislava. Stupava. Devín. Šastín. Holíč.
The Proposed Federalization of the Habsburg Monarchy in the Work The United States of Greater Austria by Aurel C. Popovici
The study analyses the proposal to federalize the Monarchy contained in the work The United States of Greater Austria (1906). Its author was a political representative of the Transylvanian Rumanians in the Kingdom of Hungary, Aurel C. Popovici (1863 – 1917). His work appeared in a period of crisis for the Monarchy and represented a proposal for its solution by means of constitutional reform. Popovici proposed the formation of 15 federal states headed by the Emperor and central government in Vienna. This proposal is analysed in the study in the wider context of the political situation in the Habsburg Monarchy. As a comparative framework for the interpretation of Popovici’s ideas, the study also analyses the thinking of the Austro-Marxists, specifically K. Renner and O. Bauer. They were working on projects to reform the Monarchy at the same time.
Aurel C. Popovici. Austria-Hungary. Beginning of the 20th century. Reform proposals. Federalization.
HOLEC Roman – BOVAN Marián
A Slovak Lackey at the Vienna Court and his Virtual Life in Hungarian Politics and Culture
Anton Szmolen (1856 – 1939) worked as a lackey at the Vienna court of the Emperor Franz Joseph from 1894 to 1910. Therefore, his manuscript memoirs are a remarkable source of information on how a Slovak came into immediate proxi-mity to the monarch and his family, and how he remained loyal practically until his death. No less interesting is the mystification around this person, which made Szmolen’s memoirs an excellent example of manipulation and distortion, which he even believed himself to some extent. Even more interesting than his military and court career is the virtual life of Anton Szmolen. In the 20th century Hungarian political and intellectual discourse, his name became a symbol of Vienna, the hated court clique and its arrogance. He appeared in this function in caricatures in humorous magazines, in the theatre, songs and parliament. The Emperor and Vienna were indirectly attacked through Szmolen. This symbol also survived beyond the period of Szmolen’s service and even the fall of the Monarchy. Szmolen’s name was gradually transformed and acquired a wider meaning as a symbol of treason, lackeyism and service to foreign powers. It was used with this meaning even in the recent past.
Austria-Hungary. The Imperial court in the period of Dualism. The name of a person as the symbol of an institution up to 1918 and of negative properties in the whole 20th century.
Economic Policy and Mining Interest Organizations in Slovakia up to 1929
The author maps the activities of mining interest organizations in Slovakia up to 1929. The Union of Mining and Foundry Enterprises (Zväz banských a hutníckych závodov) associated only private companies and membership was only voluntary. The union fully developed its activities after 1921, and engaged in many economic, political and social questions. In the process of reforming the fraternal insurance companies (bratské pokladnice), the need to more closely cooperate with the state-owned mines emerged. This led to the formation of a new interest group in 1926: the Slovak Mining Region (Slovenský banský revír). Since membership of this corporation was already compulsory, its influence on the development of economic policy increased, especially after 1929. The agenda of the banking interest organizations strongly reflects all the problems, with which the extractive industry in Slovakia had to struggle in the period of the first Czechoslovak Republic.
Mining interest organizations. Union of Mining and Foundry Enterprises. Slovak Mining Region.
The Bratislava Commodity Exchange (1922 – 1952). The Varied Functioning of an Institution
The Bratislava Commodity Exchange (Bratislavská plodinová burza) was
established in 1922. It had two sections, one for trade in agricultural crops and the other for trade in timber. Its organizational structure, administration and the activity of the exchange court were regulated by a statute. In an attempt to contribute to the development of grain production, it established exhibition markets for Slovak barley in the framework of the Danubian Trade Fair (Dunajský veľtrh), and strove to facilitate the international exchange of goods through the port of Bratislava. After the establishment of a grain monopoly and the resulting purchase of grain, animal feed and milled products only at official prices, the exchange lost its function in the field of fixing prices. After the formation of the Slovak Republic in 1939, it was transformed into the Bratislava Exchange (Bratislavská burza), and its activity was widened to include a financial section. It traded in securities and foreign currencies, but in shares only sporadically. The introduction of a planned economy and centrally planned direction of the economy narrowed its activity to an arbitration function and expert activity. It was dissolved in 1952.
History, Bratislava Commodity Exchange. Danubian Trade Fair. Exchange rules. Arbitration court. Expert activity. Grain monopoly. Planned economy.
The Development of the Leadership of the Communist Party of Slovakia from August 1968 to April 1969
The study considers the development in the leadership of the Communist Party of Slovakia, a regional organization of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia from the occupation of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic by the armies of the Warsaw pact and the extraordinary congress of the CPS at the end of August 1968 until the appointment of its leading representative G. Husák to the function of First Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPC in mid April 1969. In this period, the leadership of the CPS underwent a turbulent political development from an exemplary reformist communist body with the potential to continue the reforms at least to a limited degree, into a united bloc of Husák’s realists, who had the ambition to extend the Normalization process to the whole CPC. Apart from the objective international and internal political situation, this change was also strongly influenced by the high political ambitions of G. Husák, who showed his true face in this period, as a pragmatic political utilitarian, although, paradoxically, he had stood at the head of the reformist communists in the CPS from January to August 1968.
The Czechoslovak Socialist Republic in 1968-1969. Communist Party of Slovakia. Invasion of Czechoslovakia by the armies of the Warsaw Pact. The coming of Gustáv Husák to power in mid April 1969.
RECENZIE / REVIEWS
LENGYELOVÁ Tünde, The Thurzos and their Historical Significance (Tomáš Janura) S. 153
KUŠNIRÁKOVÁ Ingrid et al., “We will go out at night in a torch lit procession and enlighten the world” The integrative and mobilizing significance of celebrations in the life of society (Dušan Škvarna) S. 155
SEGEŠ Dušan – HERTEL Maroš – BYSTRICKÝ Valerián, Slovakia and the Slovak Question in Polish and Hungarian diplomatic documents in the period 1938 – 1939 (Martin Vašš) S. 158
PEŠEK Jan, The Communist Party of Slovakia. History of a political organization I. On the road to power (1945 – 1948), In power – from the coup to attempted reform (1948 –1968) (Stanislav Sikora) S. 162
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