Operation "Reinhardt" and the Destruction of Polish Jews

Operation "Reinhardt" and the Destruction of Polish Jews

POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews, Warsaw; Polish Center for Holocaust Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw; State Museum at Majdanek – The German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1941-1944), Lublin; The Center for Holocaust Studies at the Leibniz Institute for Contemporary History, Munich-Berlin; United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington D.C.
POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews, Warsaw
Vom - Bis
27.11.2022 - 29.11.2022
Anna Ullrich, Zeitgeschichte, Institut für Zeitgeschichte München

The international conference has been organized to mark the 80th anniversary of "Operation Reinhardt". It seeks to present the latest research on the Holocaust in German-occupied Poland. Although the Nazi operation to exterminate Jews in occupied Poland between 1942–1943 will remain the primary focus, the conference will also delve into the wider process of the destruction of Jews from 1941 until 1945 within the territory of the pre-war Second Polish Republic.

Operation "Reinhardt" and the Destruction of Polish Jews

International Conference

The conference seeks to present innovative historical research approaches to the destruction of Polish Jewry, including:

- the status of Polish Jews on the eve of Operation Reinhardt
- mass executions after the German invasion of the USRR
- how and why German perpetrators and their collaborators committed mass murder
- the actions of non-German auxiliary formations under German command
- beneficiaries who drew profit from Jewish forced labor or property
- the progression of Operation Reinhardt across Polish towns and rural areas
- the destruction of particular Jewish communities
- Jewish interpretations of Operation Reinhardt and their response through resistance and escape, as well as Jewish strategies of survival
- how information about the Holocaust circulated within and outside occupied Poland
- attitudes of non-Jewish bystanders, including individuals or organizations, attempts to rescue and assist Jews
- the final stages of the annihilation of Polish Jews
- new methodological approaches to the investigation of the Holocaust in Poland, and new scholarship on the Holocaust in Poland


Sunday, 27 November 2022

18:00–18:15 – Opening remarks

18:15–19:30 – Keynote lecture
Dieter Pohl – "Aktion Reinhardt": Research in the 21st century.

Monday, 28 November 2022

09:00–10:30 – Panel 1: Between the Reich and the General Government. (Chair: Michał Trębacz)

Aleksandra Namysło – "All elements that cannot be Germanized must be absolutely removed...". The situation of the Jews in the General Government and in the territories incorporated into the Third Reich on the eve of the Operation "Reinhardt."

Hannah Riedler – "They lived there before": Jews deported from the Incorporated Areas to the General Government during Operation "Reinhardt."

Andrea Löw – German speaking Jews deported to the Lublin District: Expectations and Experiences.

10:30–10:50 – Coffee break

10:50–12:20 – Panel 2: Deportations (Chair: Dariusz Libionka)

Anna Wylegała – Operation "Reinhardt" in the countryside of District Galicia: towards the new sources and new methodological approaches.

Agnieszka Wierzcholska – "Street-corner" – Genocide. The "Resettlement Action" in one Polish Town and the role of the Baudienst.

Marta Marzańska-Mishani – Deportations of Jews from villages in the Biłgoraj and Zamość counties: Presenting Yad Vashem's digital research project and database "Transports to Extinction."

12:20–12:40 – Coffee break

12:40–13:40 – Panel 3: Perpetrators (Chair: Michael Fleming)

Sara Berger – The German perpetrators of the "Aktion Reinhardt" death camps: From "Euthanasia" to the Holocaust.

Ingo Loose – The role of the Kulmhof extermination camp for the Holocaust in occupied Poland, 1941–1945.

13:40–15:00 – Lunch break

15:00–16:30 – Panel 4: Forced labour camps (Chair: Natalia Aleksiun)

Waitman Beorn – The Janowska Camp and the Holocaust in Galicia.

Wojciech Lenarczyk – Old Airfield Camp in Lublin, and its role and functions in the Operation "Reinhardt."

Martin Winter – Company Killers: HASAG staff and the "Werkschutz" as non-governmental perpetrators of the Holocaust.

16:30–17:00 – Coffee break

17:00–18:30 – Panel 5: Visual documentation (Chair: Agnieszka Haska)

Andreas Kahrs – Making the invisible visible: Perpetrator pictures from Sobibor and survivors testimonies.

Iwona Kurz – Primary images: Visual evidence of Operation "Reinhardt."

Tomasz Butkiewicz – Operation "Reinhardt": The last days of the Jewish enclave of Bialystok in the iconography of German soldiers in 1942–1943.

19:00 – Dinner for panelists and invited guests

Tuesday, 29 November 2022

09:00–10:30 – Panel 6: Local administrations and the Holocaust (Chair: Andrea Löw)

Miranda Brethour – The ‘Jewish question’ and the village united: Sołtysi in the aftermath of Operation "Reinhardt" in the Lublin District.

John-Paul Himka – The role of the Ukrainian Auxiliary Police in the liquidation of the Jewish population of Distrikt Galizien.

Katarzyna Person – Jewish Councils and the Jewish Ghetto Police and the implementation of Operation "Reinhardt."

10:30–10:50 – Coffee break

10:50–12:20 – Panel 7: Bystanders (Chair: Krzysztof Persak)

Omer Bartov – Local genocide and the question of bystanders.

Dariusz Libionka – The extermination of Jews in the light of the diary of the administrator of Lublin diocese priest Józef Kruszyński.

Jacek Tebinka, Anna Zapalec – SOE’s activity in occupied Poland and the extermination of Jews during the Operation "Reinhardt."

12:20–12:40 – Coffee break

12:40–13:40 – Panel 8: Around Operation "Reinhardt" (Chair: Suzanne Brown-Fleming)

Klemen Kocjančič – Beyond and after Poland: Operation "Reinhardt" and Sonderaktion 1005 in Italian, Slovenian, and Croatian territory

Michael Fleming – International jurists, the Polish War Crimes Office and the destruction of Polish Jews.

13:40–15:00 – Lunch break

15:00–16:30 – Panel 9: Jewish survival strategies (Chair: Barbara Engelking)

Natalia Aleksiun – Circumscribed agency: Jews hiding in Eastern Galicia during the Holocaust.

Agnieszka Haska – "Happy citizens of foreign countries": Foreign citizenship as a method of survival.

Antoni Sułek – Refugees from a Jewish town in the villages of the Lublin District of the General Government before Operation "Reinhardt."

16:30–17:00 – Coffee break

17:00–18:30 – Panel 10: Microhistories (Chair: Omer Bartov)

Bożena Iwanowska, Peter Lawson – Massacres of Jews in seven small villages near Kletsk, in German-occupied Poland during the years 1941–1942.

Johannes Steinert – Jewish child slave labourers in the camps of Operation "Reinhardt."

Sylwia Szymańska-Smolkin – Spreading "impossible" news: The role of couriers in raising the awareness of mass murder and establishing Jewish resistance movements.

18:30 – End of Conference

Veröffentlicht am
Weitere Informationen
Land Veranstaltung
Sprach(en) der Veranstaltung
Englisch, Polish
Sprache der Ankündigung