Empires and Peninsulas. Southeastern Europe between Carlowitz and the Peace of Adrianople, 1699-1829 (Society, War, Transition)

Empires and Peninsulas. Southeastern Europe between Carlowitz and the Peace of Adrianople, 1699-1829 (Society, War, Transition)

Faculty of History, Sofia University Sofia
Vom - Bis
09.10.2009 - 10.10.2009
Maria Baramova, Faculty of History, Sofia University "Sv. Kliment Ohridski"

The year 2009 marks the anniversary of two important historical events: it is 310 years since the Treaty of Carlowitz (1699) and 180 years since the Peace of Adrianople (1829). Both agreements frame an important transformative period in the history of Europe which includes the whole Continent as a geographical area. For Central and Western Europe this is the transition from the Ancien régime to a post-agrarian society, from Absolutism to the modern nation state. For the South East, for the Balkans, the 18th and the first third of the 19th centuries see the “emancipation of mentality”, a new mobility within the Ottoman Empire and a new concept of nationality. The period also witnesses the foundation of new (that is, old pre-Ottoman) states in the Peninsula. For its part the Ottoman ruling elite thinks seriously about reforming the Empire, convinced that without such a “turn” the state will perish.

Between 1699 and 1829 Southeastern Europe was of great importance for European diplomacy. In this region Habsburg armies fought against the Sultan; it was here that the Eastern question emerged; and to some extent the Austrian War of Succession had its roots here. Russia had a traditional interest in the Balkans and the Black Sea region and waged several wars against the Ottomans, waving the flag of religion and ideology in the process. Russian political dominance in Europe after the Congress of Vienna (1815) had its origins in their control of the lands in the European South East. Moreover, it is well known that some of the conflicts during the Napoleonic Era led directly through the Balkans. Last but not least, in the “space between empires”, in the contact zones and buffer lands between Habsburgs, Ottomans and Romanovs, the new “Balkan elites” enriched their political experience by trying to use the so-called “external factor” to achieve some kind of sovereignty. At a later stage they adopted “European models” for reform of their society and state.

During these decades the “small” national societies in Southeastern Europe – amongst them the Bulgarians – are pushed forward by the “impact of transformation”. The changes that follow have their European roots, but also include a number of regionally specific features in the spheres of the economy, culture and politics. This gives us an intriguing opportunity to trace some contemporary parallels.

The term “Common European History”, controversial though it may be, is without any doubt firmly linked to the past of the South East, not least due to the fact that in this region the power and influence of the great Continental Empires of Antiquity, the Middle Ages und the Modern Era have always been present. The years between Carlowitz (1699) and Adrianople (1829) emphasize this assumption. The tying of the South East to modern European civilization becomes such a clear-cut tendency that the emergence of the new states in the Peninsula during the 19th century can only confirm the ongoing process of modernization.


9 October

Opening: 9.30 – 9.45 Plamen Mitev, Ivan Parvev, Kostadin Grozev

I Session, 1st section. The Southeast in the policy-making of the European powers – economical and cultural penetration, wars, peace treaties, diplomacy

Moderator: Harald Heppner

9.45 – 10.00
Charles Ingrao (Purdue University). Understanding Habsburg Grand Strategy, 1699-1829

10.00 – 10.15
Markus Koller (University of Giessen). The Integration of the Ottoman Empire into the European State System

10.15 – 10.30
Ivan Parvev (Sofia University). Southeastern Europe as a factor in German history 1699-1829

10.30 – 10.45
Ilya Zaytsev (Institute of Oriental Studies, Moscow). The Crimean Khanate between Empires: independence or submission

Discussion: 10.45 – 11.15
Coffee Break: 11.15 – 11.45

11.45 – 12.00
Jovan Pešalj (University of Belgrade). Guarding the Peace and Good Neighbourhood in the Southeastern Europe: How Habsburg Diplomacy Resolved Several Crises in its Relations with the Ottomans between 1699 and 1716

12.00 – 12.15
Iskra Schwarcz (University of Vienna). "The loyal ally": The problem of the participantion of Russian military units in Eugene of Savoy’s army

12.15 – 12.30
Tamara Stoilova (Bulgarian Academy of Sciences). Revolutionary France and the Russian diplomacy in Constantinople

12.30 – 12.45
Boro Bronza (University of Banja Luka). Habsburg Monarchy and the Projects for Division of the Ottoman Balkans 1771-1788

Discussion: 12.45 – 13.15
Lunch: 13.15 – 14.15

II Session, 2nd section. The Southeast in the policy-making of the European powers – economical and cultural penetration. Wars, Peace treaties, Diplomacy

Moderator: Ivan Parvev

14.15 – 14.30
Will Smiley (Queens’ College, Cambridge University). The Rules of War on the Danube: Ottoman, Romanov, and Habsburg Captivity in Transition

14.30 – 14.45
Kyrillos Nikolaou (University of Athens). Peloponnesus in the plans of the great powers for the control of the Eastern Mediterranean, second half of the 18th century

14.45 – 15.00
Sergei Murtuzaliev (Dagestan State University, Mahachkala). Potto about the role of Caucasian front in the war at the Balkans (1828-1829 years)

Discussion: 15.00 – 15.30
Coffee Break: 15.30 – 16.00

III Session, 1st section. Societies in Southeastern Europe: the Ottoman model, the Habsburg variant, “autonomous” und “peripheral” societies

Moderator: Kostadin Grozev

16.00 – 16.15
Giacomo Brucciani (University of Pisa). The South-Slavic Historiographies and socio-political changes in the Balkan Region 1699-1829

16.15 – 16.30
Maria Baramova (Sofia University). The Southeast in Encyclopaedia Context. The "Balkans" as a Topic in the 18th-Centruy German Lexicons

16.30 – 16.45
Plamen Mitev (Sofia University). A Look at the Bulgarians and the Balkans during the Russian-Turkish War of 1828-1829

Discussion: 16.45 – 17.15
Break: 17.15 – 17.30

17.30 – 17.45
Nadia Manolova-Nikolova (Sofia University). Spanish Records about Istanbul from the End of the 18th century

17.45 – 18.00
Miloš Djordjević (University of Niš). Educational and Cultural Conditions of Serbs in the First Half of 18th Century

18.00 – 18.15
Snežana Vukadinović (University of Novi Sad). Marko Kraljević and the Power of the Ottoman Empire in the Key of the South Slavic Epic Poems

Discussion: 18.15 – 18.45
Reception: 19.30

10 October

IV Session, 2nd section. Societies in Southeastern Europe: the Ottoman model, the Habsburg variant, “autonomous” und “peripheral” societies

Moderator: Markus Koller

9.30 – 9.45
Dean Sakel (Boğaziçi University, Istanbul). Between Old and New: Historiography as a Reflexion of Ideological Reorientation Among The Zimmi in the 18th Century

9.45 – 10.00
Mariya Shusharova (Sofia University). A Local View on the War. War service functions of the Rumelian ayans in the Ottoman Empire – the end of 17th and during the 18th Centuries

10.00 – 10.15
Nadia Danova (Bulgarian Academy of Sciences). Svishtov between War and Peace

10.15 – 10.30
Ifigenija Draganic (University of Novi Sad) Greeks and Serbians in the Ottoman Empire and the Habsburg Monarchy in the 18th and at the Beginning of the 19th Century

Discussion: 10.30 – 11.00
Coffee Break: 11.00 – 11.30

11.30 – 11.45
Dimitris Michalopoulos („Eleutherios Veniselos“ Historical Institute, Athens). The vision of Agathangelus: An eighteenth century apocalyptic Weltanschauung

11.45 – 12.00
Victor Taki (High Anthropological School, Chisinau). A Polizeistaat on the Frontier: Russo-Turkish Imperial Rivalry and Police Reform in Moldavia and Wallachia in the Early Nineteenth Century

12.00 – 12.15
Vanya Racheva (University of Sofia). Lessons from the Great Bulgarian migration (1828-1833)

12.15 – 12.30
Elka Drosneva, Maria Kirova (Sofia University). Wars and migrations. Observations on the ground (1828-2008)

Discussion: 12.30 – 13.00
Lunch: 13.00 – 14.00

V Session. Art of transition in Southeastern Europe – the transformation of Ottoman society; the modern nation in the South East – patterns of evolution; “modernization” as an economic, cultural and mental “re-orientation” in Southeastern Europe.

Moderator: Ilya Zaytsev

14.00 – 14.15
Harald Heppner. (University of Graz). The Habsburg model of modernized society in the era of enlightenment

14.15 – 14.30
Suzana Rajić. (University of Belgrade). Serbia – the revival of the national states 1804-1829 (from the Turkish provinces to the autonomous principality)

14.30 – 14.45
Momir Samardzić (University of Novi Sad). Sources and limitations of traditional model of social and political integration in the history of 19th Century Serbia

Discussion: 14.45 – 15.15
Coffee Break: 15.15 – 15.45

Moderator: Vania Racheva, Maria Baramova

15.45 – 16.00
Eleonora Naxidou (Democritus University of Thrace, Komotini). The transition from ecumenical tradition to a multinational perspective: the historical evolution of the Orthodox Church in the Ottoman Empire

16.00 – 16.15
Marlene Kurz (University of Vienna). Modernization in the Ottoman Empire between Karlowitz and the reign of Mahmud II: A process of cultural transfer

16.15 – 16.30
Vladimir Stoychev (University of Sofia). Church and Modernization

Discussion: 16.30 – 17.00
Break: 17.00 – 17.15

17.15 – 17.30
Nedelko Radosavlević (Serbian Academy of Sciences). Serbian Revolution and the creation of the modern state: geopolitical changes of the Balkan

17.30 – 17.45
Manos Perakis (University of Crete). The Greek Revolution and the socio-economic transformation of an Ottoman province: the case of the island of Crete in 1821

17.45 – 18.00
Elpida K. Vogli (Democritus University of Thrace, Komotini). The Emergence of a Modern Nation-State in the Southeastern Europe: The Greek War of Independence as a National-Building Revolution in the 1820s

Discussion: 18.00 – 18.30
Closing of the Conference


Maria Baramova

Sofia University Sv. Kliment Ohridski/Faculty of History


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