The conference focuses on the period starting in the 1960s, which saw great political and economic changes in the so-called “Third World Countries”. The process of decolonization, the emergence of independent countries created from former colonies and UN mandates and the efforts of other countries to break away from their dependence on Western powers, the nationalization of industry, whether oil fields in the Middle East or the Suez Canal in Egypt, brought a change in the political orientation of large areas of Asia and Africa. The situation in Cuba had a very specific development. The newly formed independent countries found themselves in the grip of the fight between Soviet and American influence.
The papers should particularly look at areas with inclinations toward the Soviet bloc countries, which ultimately brought not only great economic investments, procurement of weapons and factories, but also the possibility to provide scientific contacts, scholarships, participation in scientific congresses, as well as the need to ensure top-quality education in those countries by sending experts to selected universities. Papers by contemporaries and on topics dealing generally with the issues of the theory of scientific assistance to Third World Countries are also welcome.
doctors, engineers and technicians at universities and in everyday practice
social sciences and foreign language courses in developing countries
study trips and major congresses
scientists and their family in the Orient
everyday work in a foreign country
source base – letters and diaries of key stakeholders
personal experience of the Orient
scientists and the national community abroad
and other topics related to these issues