Peace Movements and Democratic Culture in Southern Europe during the 1970s and 1980s

Deutsches Historisches Institut in Rom, Via Aurelia Antica, 391, 00165 Rom
Deutsches Historisches Institut in Rom, University of Sheffield
14.02.2018 - 16.02.2018
Deutsches Historisches Institut in Rom

The mobilisation against the deployment of US Pershing and Cruise Missile atomic warheads in the wake of the NATO Dual Track Solution in 1979 was a watershed moment in the recent political history of Western Europe. The anti-nuclear protests of the 1980s activated civil society, renegotiated the parameters of political participation and redefined the understanding of international and domestic security. The contours and implications of the 1980s anti-nuclear protests are well researched for key western European countries. Developments in southern Europe, however, have not yet been substantially studied. The aim of this conference is to analyse anti-nuclear and anti-militarist peace protests in southern European countries during the late 1970s and 1980s. The focus will be on Greece, Spain and Italy, three countries that were involved in the 1980s mobilisation cycle in different ways. Italy had been selected for the deployment of Pershing missiles and was thus a key battleground of conflicts over the Dual Track Decision. But the country had also seen a wave of left and right-wing terrorism during the 1970s and a concomitant crisis of parliamentary democracy. Spain and Greece had just returned to parliamentary democracy from military dictatorship in 1975 and 1974, respectively. They were not directly involved in the conflict over the Dual Track Decision, but experienced intensive protests against the presence of US military bases or against NATO membership more generally. Thus, all three countries were involved in conflicts over security that entailed a complex renegotiation of democratic practices in the widest sense.


Wednesday, 14 February 2018

Opening Address and Welcome: Martin Baumeister, Director of the GHI Rome

Introduction into the Conference Topic: Martin Baumeister (GHI Rome), Benjamin Ziemann (University of Sheffield)

Panel I: Forging Coalitions: Movements, Parties and Institutional Actors

Emanuele Treglia (Madrid)
The Spanish Communists and the Peace Movement: Mobilizations, Alliances and International Dimension (1982-1986)

Eirini Karamouzi (University of Sheffield)
The Greek Socialists and the Peace Movement During the Euromissile Crisis

Valentine Lomellini (Università degli Studi di Padova), The Italian Peace Movement during the 1980s: a Re-enactment of the Anti-fascist Alliance?

Commentator: Xosé M. Núñez Seixas (Universidade de Santiago de Compostela)

Keynote Lecture:
Federico Romero (EUI Florence)
Southern Europe during the Last Decade of the Cold War: Security Issues and Democratic Transition

Thursday, 15 February 2018

Panel II: Practicing and Gendering Participation

Efi Gkotzaridis (Athens)
Connecting Peace and Democracy in Greece: From the End of the Civil War to the End of the Dictatorship and Beyond

Montserrat Huguet and Laura Branciforte (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid)
Women Protesters in the Anti-nuclear Movements in Spain

Commentator: Claudia Gatzka (University of Freiburg/Humboldt University Berlin)

Panel III: The Politics of Antimilitarism

Lucia Bonfreschi (Luiss-Guido Carli University Rome)
‘Tutti gli eserciti sono neri’: The Italian Radical Party and its Anti-militarist Campaigns in the 1970s and 1980s

Carlos Ángel Ordás (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)
The Spanish Anti-conscription Movement, 1971-1989

Luis Velasco (Universidade de Santiago de Compostela)
Military Conscription and Conscientious Objection in Spain: 1968-1982

Commentator: Till Kössler (Ruhr University Bochum)

Panel IV: Peace Movements between the National Space and Transnational Entanglements

Kostis Kornetis (Madrid/Athens)
Resisting the War that Never Was: Cultural Expressions of Protest in Greece against the Turkish Invasion of Cyprus

Angela Santese (Università di Bologna)
Between the National and Transnational Space of Protest: the Italian Peace Movement and the Nationalization of the Antinuclear Discourse

Luc-André Brunet (The Open University)
Peace Movements, Southern Europe, and the Canadian Peace Initiative of 1983-84

Commentator: Susanne Schregel (University of Cologne)

Friday, 16 February 2018

Panel V: Framing Peace: Symbols, Rituals and Narratives

Giulia Quaggio (University of Sheffield)
Framing the Nuclear Fear. The Iconography of Peace in Spain during the 1980s

Lodovica Clavarino (University Roma Tre)
Edoardo Amaldi and the Role of Nuclear Physicists in the Italian Antinuclear Peace Movement

Carl Antonius Lemke Duque (Universidad de Deusto, Bilbao)
Jesuit Perspectives on Terrorism, Democracy and Peace in the Basque Country (1978-1988)

Commentator: Vera Wolff (ETH Zurich)

Panel Debate and Final Discussion: Southern Europe and the Politics of Peace during the Cold War

Panel debate:
Eirini Karamouzi (University of Sheffield), Lutz Klinkhammer (GHI Rome), Federico Romero (EUI Florence)

14.30 End of Conference

The conference is generously supported by the Deutsche Stiftung Friedensforschung (German Foundation for Peace Research) and by the Max Batley Legacy at the University of Sheffield.


Benjamin Ziemann

University of Sheffield

Peace Movements and Democratic Culture in Southern Europe during the 1970s and 1980s, 14.02.2018 – 16.02.2018 Rom, in: H-Soz-Kult, 19.12.2017, <>.
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