Hanna Schäfer, Die Metzer Gold- und Silbermünzen Kaiser Karls IV. Entstehungskontext und Rezeptionsgeschichte (14.–16. Jahrhundert)" [Emperor Charles IV’s gold and silver coins from Metz. A study of their context of production and reception (14th to 16th century)], S. 133-165
In 2019, the rediscovery of a ‘florin d’or’ was announced: a gold coin, whose legend suggests that it had been minted during the imperial diet held by Emperor Charles IV at Metz in 1356. The production of gold and silver coins during this event had previously only been documented by three 16th-century chronicles of Metz. The present article investigates, first, the significance of the unusual combination of imagery presented on the coin and its metrological characteristics. On this basis, it considers the legal preconditions of a coinage in the above-mentioned historical context as well as the political intentions that might have led Charles IV to this action. Finally, it asks why the minting event had only documented in texts that were written more than 150 years later. The study proposes that the recently discovered coin represents a ‘special coinage’ issued for presenting coins as valuable gifts, and that the coinage satisfied specific, occasion-related needs of the emperor.
Michel Pauly, vßgift ... gedaen ... vander ſtede wege antreffen Artillerie. Kriegsaufwand und militärische Aufgaben in der Stadt Luxemburg im Mittelalter* [Expenses ... made ... on behalf of the city for artillery. War efforts and military tasks in Luxembourg city in the Middle Ages], S. 166-198
Since the so-called Letter of Liberty of 1244, the burghers of Luxembourg had the duty to defend their town and to go to war with their lord. This contribution examines, based predominantly on medieval account books, what concrete tasks this duty entailed. It distinguishes between the construction and maintenance of the city walls, the required services asked of the village dwellers, the sentry duty of the inhabitants, personal arms of the denizens and heavy weaponry of the municipality, concrete war preparations and actual military campaigns. The assessment of empirical historical evidence allows not only to calculate the costs of these military ventures but also to provide a rather detailed evaluation of the technological state of development of the artillery in the 14th to 15th century.
Julia Harnoncourt, ArbeiterInnenhaushalte und Konsum zwischen Industrialisierung und Erstem Weltkrieg* [Working-class households and consumption between industrialisation and the First World War], S. 199-241
The Luxembourgish steel industry began to flourish at the end of 19th century, especially in the South. This article looks at discourses concerning the role of these new labourers as consumers from this time on until the first quarter of the 20th century. In what way were they described as consumers? Were they viewed as important actors in the economy or were their consumption practices only a means to reproduce their labour power and a consequence of their loss of means of production during the process of proletarianization? Or was it the other way around: Did they have to be included into the market as consumers to become reliable labourers? Was consumption therefore rather a means of social disciplining? Finally, were there differences between the discourses during the First World War – a time of extremely reduced consumption – and the phases before and after? Where can we find continuities and discontinuities? What can this timespan tell us about labourers as consumers? These questions are dealt with by examining official discourses, on the basis of newspaper articles, state documents and written testimonies of political and economic actors.
Elisabeth Wingerter, Law, Order and Postwar Purge in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (1944 – 1955): Transitional Justice and Redistribution through the example of justice, gendarmerie and police, PhD, University of Luxembourg, 2021; supervisor: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Denis Scuto, S. 242-244
Yannick Kieffer, Gare la Mine! Die Minenräumung Luxemburgs nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg. Mémoire de master en Histoire européenne contemporaine, Université du Luxembourg 2021, sous la direction du prof. adj. Denis Scuto, S. 244-247
(Volltext einsehbar auf recensio.net), S. 248-256
Jessica Burton, Rezension zu:
Angel, Marc / Czuga, Lucien / Dengler, Marion / Genen, Andy / Grimée, Antoine / Kaufmann, Sabrina / Rech, John / Schlesser, Jean-Louis / Velleine, Pascale, Fortific(a)tions: Six histoires sur une ville à nulle autre pareille, Moutfort: D’Frënn vun der 9. Konscht, 2020; 84 p.; ISBN 978-291996591-5; 25 €.
Mylène Branco, Rezension zu:
Thiltges, Sébastian / Solte-Gresser, Christiane (eds.), Kulturökologie und ökologische Kulturen in der Großregion / Écologie culturelle et cultures écologiques dans la Grande Région (Studies in literature, culture and the environment / Studien zu Literatur, Kultur und Umwelt, 8). Berlin: Peter Lang, 2020. 278 p., ISBN: 978-363180732-3 (hardcover), 978363182861-8 (pdf), 978-363182862-5 (ePub), 978-363182863-2 (MOBI), 60 €.
Jochen Zenthöfer, Rezension zu:
Helma Werner, Luxemburg und die Deutschen – Ein Kaleidoskop schicksalhafter Begegnungen, Trier: Verlag für Geschichte und Kultur, 2021; 215 S.; ISBN 978-3-945768-19-8; 29,90 €.