OBSAH / CONTENTS
ŠTÚDIE / ARTICLES
„Rame di Pollana“. Spišsko-gemerská meď vo Flámsku a v Benátkach v prvej tretine 14. storočia
(“Rame di Pollana”. Spiš-Gemer copper in Flanders and Venice in the first third of the 14th century)
Exporting of copper from eastern Slovakia through Poland and the Hanseatic ports on the Baltic coast to Flanders is documented from the 1320s and 1330s at a time when convoys of galleys operated between Venice and Flanders. As a result of its transit through Poland, it was called “Polish copper” (Rame de Pollana). It represented one of the important types of copper on the market at Bruges, from where it was transported in the form of rectangular plates to Venice. According to documents preserved in Venice from the papers of the copper merchant N. Paolini, he sold 108 centnars (= c. 5.15 tonnes) of Rame de Pollana in 1324. In the Venetian foundries, it is mentioned in 1334 as one of the five basic types imported to the city. These records show that this trade was profitable in spite of the long voyage around Europe.
Key words: Eastern Slovak copper. Spiš copper. Middle Ages. Trade. Venice. Flanders. Hanse towns.
„Opozičníci, rozvratníci a ďalší členovia revolučnej klasy...“ Barón Miklós Wesselényi v kúpeľoch Frývaldov a Gräfenberg v rokoch 1839 – 1843
(“The opposition, subversives and other members of the revo¬lutionary class...” Baron Miklós Wesselényi at the Frývaldov and Gräfenberg spas in 1839–1843)
In this study, the author is concerned with the institutionalization of secret political monitoring at the Habsburg spas of Frývaldov and Gräfenberg in Austrian Sile¬sia around the year 1840. He gives a detailed analysis of the motives, methods, aims and limits of state monitoring of the persons targeted among the visitors to Priessnitz’s famous water therapy institution using the example of the case of the Transylvanian Baron Miklós Wesselényi.
Key words: Habsburg Monarchy. Moravia-Silesia. Jeseník. Social and Political Control. Spa Inspection.
Návšteva štúrovcov u Jána Hollého na Dobrej Vode. Historický (mikro)naratív v kontexte formovania kolektívnej pamäti a identity Slovákov
(The visit of Štúr’s group to Ján Hollý at Dobrá Voda. A histori¬cal micro-narrative in the context of the formation of the collective memory and identity of the Slovaks)
The study analyses the structural elements of the story of three members of Štúr’s group to the poet Ján Hollý. The meeting of representatives of the Protestant and Catholic intelligentsia in 1843 is one of the key moments in the Slovak national historical narrative. It symbolizes national unity overcoming confessional limita¬tions. The author investigates this story as part of nationalist propaganda, pointing to its use for the needs of national ideology.
Key words: History of Slovakia in the 19th and 20th centuries. Slovak nationalism. National story. Standard written language. Ján Hollý. Ľudovít Štúr.
Vývoj v Československu v prvej polovici 1968 na stránkach publikovaných francúzskych diplomatických dokumentov v korelácii s vývinom československo-francúzskych vzťahov od vzniku ČSR do prelomu rokov 1967/1968
(Developments in Czechoslovakia in the first half of 1968 on the pages of published French diplomatic documents against the background of the de¬velopment of Czechoslovak – French relations from the origin of Czechoslovakia to the beginning of 1968)
The study is materially based mainly on the published French diplomatic docu¬ments relating to the first half of 19681, when the renewal process known as the Czechoslovak Spring was developing in the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. The first part of the study briefly mentions the main features of Czechoslovak – French relations from the origin of the Czechoslovak Republic in autumn 1918 to the beginning of the renewal process in January 1968. The brief recapitulation of the key events in Czechoslovak – French relations in this period is intended to give the reader a better understanding of the generally restrained attitude of Paris to Prague during the first six months of 1968. In brief, it is possible to say that French gov¬ernment circles looked with sympathy at the developing reform process in Czecho-slovakia, but it was not in the centre of their attention. Paris was considering main¬ly the global framework of international development, in which the reduction of tension between East and West had one of the key roles. Since Moscow played a key part in this process, neglect of its interests appeared to be counter-productive. This largely decided the cautious attitude to developments in Czechoslovakia in the first half of 1968.
ROZHĽADY / HORIZONS
Podiel Františka Karšaia na rozvoji komeniológie a dejín školstva na Slovensku
(The contribution of František Karšai to the development of Comeniology and the history of education in Slovakia)
Doc. PhDr. František Karšai, CSc. was one of the personalities who significantly contributed to the development of Comeniology and the history of education in Slovakia. His works contributed to knowledge of the activity of significant edu¬cators, their writings on educational theory and on the origin and activity of the Evangelical College in Prešov. His monographs, studies and articles on the prob¬lem of the study of the life and work of J.A. Comenius place him among the lead¬ing experts on Comenius not only in Slovakia, but also internationally. His leading role in organizing events concerned with Comenius in Prešov also contributed to this position. He was also the first in our country to introduce the use of internal television for the training of future teachers in the faculty of education.
Key words: František Karšai. J.A. Comenius and Slovakia. Comeniology. History of education and educational theory.
MATERIÁLY / MATERIALS
Začiatky pestovania právnej vedy na Slovensku: Sté výročie založenia Právneho obzoru a prvé osobnosti slovenskej právnej vedy
(The beginnings of cultivation of legal science in Slovakia: The centenary of the establishment of the Právny obzor and the first personalities in Slovak legal science)
The author points to the beginnings of the cultivation of legal science in Slova¬kia. Consciously Slovak advocates played an important role in this process. The first expert articles written in Slovak appeared in the Slovenský Peňažník (Slovak Financier) in 1909. However, the real development of legal science began only in 1917, when the advocate Emil Stodola established the first Slovak legal periodical Právny obzor (Legal Horizon). This year, we are marking the hundredth anniversa¬ry of its continual publication. No other academic periodical in Slovakia has such a distinguished history. The Právny obzor stood at the beginning of the formation of Slovak legal science and it also significantly contributed to the formation of legal practice. Apart from articles devoted to current legal problems such as the unification of Czechoslovak law, the Právny obzor published articles on legal history. For this paper, the author selected the articles of the outstanding First Republic period lawyer Vladimír Fajnor, who held various ministerial positions and later became the first president of the Supreme Court of the Czechoslovak Republic. In these articles he presented the lives and works of the most important nationally conscious advocates from before 1918, such as the brothers Pavol and Michal Mudroň, Štefan Fajnor and Vladimír Štefanovič.
Key words: Beginnings of the cultivation of Slovak legal science. Centenary of the establishment of the Právny obzor. Important legal personalities: Pavol Mudroň, Michal Mudroň, Miloš Štefanovič, Emil Stodola, Vladimír Fajnor.
Key words: Czechoslovakia and France. Political relations. Bonds of alliance 1918 – 1967. France and the “Czechoslovak Spring” in the first half of 1968.
Slovenský diplomat Ilja Rath v československých službách u Svatého stolce. Únor 1948 a konec československého diplomatického zastoupení u Svatého stolce
(The Slovak diplomat Ilja Rath in the Czechoslovak service with the Holy See)
The study approaches the problematic situation in relations between Czechoslova¬kia and the Holy See from February 1948, when the communists took full power into their hands until spring 1950, when our diplomatic mission to the Holy See was liquidated. The main aim is to use the archive sources of the Ministry of For¬eign Affairs to clarify the role in this process of the Slovak diplomat Ilja Rath, who was entrusted with the leadership of this diplomatic mission in March 1949. A dif¬ferent picture of this diplomat to that previously presented in the expert literature is given on the basis of a series of hitherto unpublished documents.
Key words: Czechoslovakia and the Holy See 1948–1950. Czechoslovak embassy to the Holy See. Ilja Rath. Diplomatic relations.
RECENZIE / REVIEWS
M A C H O Peter – K O D A J O V Á Daniela a kol., Ľudovít Štúr na hranici
dvoch vekov (Peter Švorc) S. 353
L O N D Á K Miroslav – S I K O R A Stanislav – L O N D Á K O V Á Elena,
Od predjaria k normalizácii (Jakub Drábik) S. 356
KRITIK – GLOSSEN – BIBLIOGRAPHIE – CHRONIK