The last few years have seen a growing historiographical interest in time and chronopolitics. Yet there are only few actual case studies of temporalities and of specific orders of time, of how and to what end they were constructed, experienced and practiced. In this special issue, we aim to tackle this task by relating and comparing the concepts and politics of time primarily of Italian Fascism, but also of Nazism and of the Romanian Legion of the Archangel Michael. The authors approach the complex phenomenon of fascist temporalities by taking a closer look at archaeological excavation as an instrument of temporal rupture, the nexus between the movie camera and the dynamic imperial Fascist present, the correspondence between the Legion’s timeless Romanian nation and Eliade’s concepts of sacred time, and by describing the Fascist historic imaginary as well as the de-temporalization it implied. The issue highlights the alleged paradox between the cult of speed and the longing for deceleration, anti-historicism and renovation, the pursuit of revolutionary new beginnings and the yearning for eternal standstill.
Fernando Esposito / Sven Reichardt: Revolution and Eternity. Introductory Remarks on Fascist Temporalities
Joshua Arthurs: The Excavatory Intervention: Archaeology and the Chronopolitics of Roman Antiquity in Fascist Italy
Ruth Ben-Ghiat: The Imperial Moment in Fascist Cinema
Raul Carstocea: Breaking the Teeth of Time: Mythical Time and the “Terror of History” in the Rhetoric of the Legionary Movement in Interwar Romania
Claudio Fogu: The Fascist Stylisation of Time
Roger Griffin: Fixing Solutions: Fascist Temporalities as Remedies for Liquid Modernity
Helena Barop: Building the “Opium Evil” Consensus. The International Opium Commission of Shanghai