2nd Summer Academy Of the Research Cluster “Jews in the Holy Roman Empire"

2nd Summer Academy Of the Research Cluster “Jews in the Holy Roman Empire"

Dieter J. Hecht, Vienna; Louise Hecht, Olomouc/Vienna; Michael Silber, Jerusalem; Stephan Wendehorst, Gießen/Vienna
The Hebrew University Campus, Mt. Scopus, Jerusalem
Vom - Bis
15.08.2010 - 20.08.2010
Dan Tamir

Thanks to a burgeoning body of scholarship our knowledge on a variety of aspects of the history of the Jews in what is more evasively than convincingly termed the “German states”, the “German speaking lands” or “Central Europe” in the early modern period has increased considerably. However, for reasons that have to do with the specific dynamics of German, Austrian and Jewish historiography, as well as with the historical master narratives of other successor states of the Holy Roman Empire, we know, these advances notwithstanding, astonishingly little about how the Jewish condition related to the inner workings of the Holy Roman Empire as a political, legal, economic and social system as a whole. Nor has the impact of the peculiar relationship between the Empire and the partially overlapping Habsburg Monarchy on the Jewish condition been studied as a topic in its own right.

The main objective of this summer academy is to discuss the question to what extent the Holy Roman Empire and the partially overlapping Habsburg Monarchy, rather than individual territorial states and provinces, provided an overarching framework both for Jews as actors in politics, law and commerce and for the evolution of ideas about Jews and Judaism. The summer academy will rehearse several prominent key questions from this novel perspective but also discuss topics from the frontiers of research. Its programme relies on the presentation, reading and analysis of selected original sources. The choice of sources presents a mixture of classical texts and lesser-known writings, yet apt to shed new light on traditional topics and questions.

Thanks to the generous support of the Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach-Stiftung Essen, the Austrian Hospice Jerusalem and the Springer Stiftung Berlin a limited number of bursaries is available for qualified graduate students.


Venue: Rabin Building, Mt. Scopus Campus (unless indicated otherwise)
Contact: Dan Tamir: dantamir@access.uzh.ch
Summer Academy Programme:

Sunday, 15 August

14.00 – 15:30 p.m.

The Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People
(Hebrew University, Givat Ram Campus)

Background & Sources:
A Schönborn Cardinal as Imperial Commissioner: the Imperial Aulic Council and the New Ordinance for Hamburg Jewry, so Portugiesisch als Hochteutscher Nation, de Dato 7. Septemb. Anno 1710
Anette Baumann, Frankfurt/Gießen
Stephan Wendehorst, Gießen/Vienna

Transfer to Mount Scopus

Hebrew University, Mount Scopus Campus, Rabin Building

5.00 – 6.00 p.m.

6.00 – 7.30 p.m.
Welcome Addresses
Michael K. Silber, Jerusalem
Louise Hecht, Olomouc/Vienna

Key-Note Lecture
Patterns of Migration in Jewish History
Israel Bartal, Jerusalem
Monday, 16 August
Hebrew University, Mount Scopus, Rabin Building
Politics, Military and Migration

9.00 - 10.30 a.m.
Court Jewry in Early Modern Times – From the medieval ‘protected’ Jew to the privileged Court Jew in the mercantilistic state of the German Prince
J. Friedrich Battenberg, Darmstadt

Coffee Break

11.00 – 12.30 a.m.
‚Always prepared to do our Nation a Service’ – German Court Jews, the Freedom of Movement and the Abolishment of personal Tolls for Jews (‚Judenleibzoll’)
Peter Behr, Darmstadt

Presentation and Interpretation of Sources
Friedrich Battenberg, Darmstadt


2.00 – 3.30 p.m.
The legal status of the Prague Jews in the time of Rudolph II; The case of the Passauer Kriegsvolk in 1611 as reflected in Hebrew sources
Abraham David, Jerusalem

The Judengasse of Frankfurt: Expulsion, Restitution, Representation
Christopher Friedrichs, Vancouver


4.00 – 5.30 p.m.
Charles VI, Prince Eugene and Samuel Oppenheimer: the imperial armies and their Jewish suppliers as reflected in the sources of the Franconian Imperial Circle
Stefan Ehrenpreis, Berlin/Munich, Gerhard Rechter, Nuremberg & Stephan Wendehorst, Gießen/Vienna

Tuesday, 17 August
Hebrew University, Mount Scopus, Rabin Building
Travel, Commerce & Migration

9.00 – 10.30 a.m.
Jews Taking the Waters: Leisure, Gambling, Travel and Medicine across the Holy Roman Empire – The Lists of Spa Visitors as a Source of Jewish History (Spa, Lauchstädt, Castell, Karlsbad, Baden and Montecatini Terme)
Stephan Wendehorst, Gießen/Vienna


11.00 a.m. – 12.30 p.m.
Magdeburg Law and the status of the Jews in Poland-Lithuania. A case of legal transfer and adaptation
Yvonne Kleinmann, Leipzig

From Franconia to Vienna and back: the case of the Fränkel family
Isak Gath, Haifa


2.30 – 4.00 p.m.
Jüdische und christliche Kaufleute am Nürnberger Banco Publico (spätes 17. und 18. Jahrhundert) – Neue Forschungsergebnisse
Markus Denzel, Leipzig


4.30 – 6.00 p.m.
Jews from the Holy Roman Empire and the Dutch Colonial Experiment in Brazil 1620-1650
Stefan Ehrenpreis, Munich


6.30 – 7.00 p.m.
Sons of Liberty by Michael Curtiz (1939)
Wednesday, 18 August
Hebrew University, Mount Scopus, Rabin Building
Emancipation and Communication

9.00 – 10.30 a.m.
Jews in Early Modern ius commune and canon law: the Piedmontese legal expert Josef Sessa
Kenneth Stow, Haifa


11.00 a.m. – 12.30 p.m.
Égalité avant la lettre? Joseph II’s Edicts of Toleration for the Jews, 1781-1789
Louise Hecht, Olomouc/Vienna
Michael K. Silber, Jerusalem


2.00 – 3.30 p.m.

The Beard: A Distinctive Marker of Jews in the Holy Roman Empire during the Long Eighteenth Century
Michael K. Silber, Jerusalem


4.00 – 5.30 p.m.

Obsessed by the idea of purity - national identity and the debate on ban of Jewish settlement in early modern Switzerland
Thomas Lau, Fribourg

The Jewish question at the Congress of Vienna
Karin Schneider, Innsbruck

Thursday, 19 August
Hebrew University, Mount Scopus, Rabin Building
Culture and Education

9.00 – 10.30 a.m.
Goethe's Correspondence with Jewish Salonières: Selected Letters
Natalie Goldberg, Bar Ilan University

Everybody's darling, nobody's concern: Jewish Salonières in Vienna
Dieter Hecht, Vienna


11.00 a.m. – 12.30 p.m.
Modern values - challenged mentalities: Jewish textbooks in the Habsburg Monarchy
Louise Hecht, Olomouc/Vienna

Wissenschaft des Judentums and Reform: German and Italian Jews through their correspondence
Asher Salah, Jerusalem


2.00 – 3.30 p.m.
Who was David S.? Subversive Jewish Voices in the 18th Century and their Meaning
Shmuel Feiner, Bar Ilan


4.00 – 5.30 p.m.
The Zwinger of Dresden: The first Jewish Museum?
Michael Korey, Dresden

Friday, 20 August

10.00 a.m.
Walking Tour of the German Colony in Jerusalem
Yaakov Ariel