29.05.2019 Centre interdisciplinaire d'études sur le nucléaire et la stratégie - CIENS, École Normale Supérieure de Paris (ENS-Ulm) in partnership with the Non-Proliferation International History Project (NPIHP, Washington)
Since the dawn of the nuclear era, nuclear deterrence has been contested and criticized, both as a legitimate policy on the basis of its immorality, and as a practical policy on the basis of its inefficiency and dangerosity.
These questionings opened the path to a great diversity of movements that have been involved in nuclear disarmament, either directly – peace and antinuclear movements, national and international peace organisations, including professional (notably scientific and religious) organisations – or indirectly – direct action groups (more common in anti-nuclear energy groups), environmental, feminist, anticolonial or human/civil rights groups, and political parties.
Despite their differences, these entities have all contributed to the edification and circulation of a broad corpus of criticism against nuclear weapons.
Recent studies and movements have re-energized the pro-nuclear disarmament agenda in the West and the strong criticism against nuclear deterrence, especially on ethical, moral and philosophical grounds (see, for example, changes in religious thoughts, notably the Catholic Church in Rome).[weiterlesen...]