Triangulation in History Education Research

Triangulation in History Education Research

Pädagogische Hochschule Salzburg Stefan Zweig // Salzburg University of Education Stefan Zweig, in cooperation with 'Bundeszentrum für Gesellschaftliches Lernen' (Federal Center of Societal Education), the International Office of the Salzburg University of Education and the History Educators International Research Network (HEIRNET).
Pädagogische Hochschule Salzburg Stefan Zweig // Salzburg University of Education Stefan Zweig
Vom - Bis
11.05.2017 - 12.05.2017
Christoph Bramann (project CAOHT)

Empirical history education research includes many different aspects of research in complex contexts and researchers must find ways of incorporating this complexity. Triangulation provides an opportunity to compensate for the methodological weakness of partial research approaches and to achieve a comprehensive overview.
In this context, the international symposium Triangulation in History Education Research focusses on two research questions:
(1) Firstly, we will review how various types of triangulation are or have been applied in current international history education research.
(2) Secondly, theoretical and methodological considerations of triangulation as applied in history education research will be made in general. The symposium will examine how such approaches can be applied for data acquisition and evaluation in research projects.

With this symposium, we want to contribute to the further development of methodological approaches to and critical reflections on triangulation in history education research, based on various experiences and research contexts.

The international symposium "Triangulation in History Education Research" is conducted within the framework of the project CAOHT Competence and Academic Orientation in History Textbooks (, which is funded by the Austrian Science Fund and is organized by Christoph Kühberger, Roland Bernhard, and Christoph Bramann of the Salzburg University of Education Stefan Zweig and the Austrian Federal Center of Societal Education ('Bundeszentrum für Gesellschaftliches Lernen').

Although the main focus will be history education research, the symposium is open to interested people from all areas of educational research and social studies.

The symposium and the planned conference volume will be in English.


Thursday, 11th of May 2017


Opening by Prof. Dr. Christoph Kühberger (Vice-rector of the University of Education Salzburg)

Prof. Dr. Udo Kelle (Helmut-Schmidt-University Hamburg), Keynote: »Triangulation and Mixed Methods – two methodological concepts and debates and their interrelations«

Prof. Dr. Carla von Boxtel
(University of Amsterdam)
»Analysing students' reasoning in the history classroom: using domain-specific and general educational theories«

Coffee Break

Dr. Roland Bernhard
(University of Education Salzburg)
»Researching history education and historical thinking. The role of qualitative data in a Methodological Triangulation design«

(Prof. Dr. Mario Carretero
(University Autónoma Madrid)
»Do students' historical ideas and history textbooks coincide?«

Prof. Dr. Christoph Kühberger
(University of Education Salzburg)
»Triangulation in History Education – a Case Study«

End of programme

Friday, 12th of May 2017

Prof. Dr. Monika Waldis
(University of Applied Sciences of Northwestern Switzerland, University of Teacher Education(
»Assessment of history teacher’s pedagogical content knowledge. Development of a videosurvey using cross-validation of different assessment methods«

Prof. Dr. Christiane Bertram
(University of Konstanz)
»History didactic meets computational linguists: The computer-based evaluation of student texts in the field of history«

Prof. Dr. Terry Haydn
(University of East Anglia)
»Triangulation in history education research and its limitations: a view from the UK«

Coffee Break

Dr. Danijela Trskan
(University of Ljubljana)
»Methodological Triangulation for quality indicators of teaching practice in history. A new approach for evaluation of history pedagogical master study programme«

Prof. Dr. Bodo von Borries
(University of Hamburg)
»Experience with and reflection about Triangulation, considering a study on "Ideal, Reality, Use and Understanding of History Textbooks" (2002)«

Final words

End of programme


Christoph Bramann

Akademiestraße 32
5020 Salzburg
0043 662 6388 3122
0043 662 6388 1010