Leftist Internationalisms A Transnational Political History

Emeline Fourment, political science, Université de Rouen Normandie

This volume offers a new perspective on the political history of the socialist, communist and alternative political Lefts, focusing on the role of networks and transnational connections. Embedding the history of left-wing internationalism into a new political history approach, it accounts for global and transnational turns in the study of left-wing politics.

The essays in this collection study a range of examples of international engagement and transnational cooperation in which left-wing actors were involved, and explore how these interactions shaped the globalization of politics throughout the 20th century. In taking a multi-archival and methodological approach, this book challenges two conventional views - that the left gradually abandoned its original international to focus exclusively on the national framework, and that internationalism survived merely as a rhetorical device.

Instead, this collection highlights how different currents of the Left developed their own versions of internationalism in order to adapt to the transformation of politics in the interdependent 20th-century world. Demonstrating the importance of political convergence, alliance-formation, network construction and knowledge circulation within and between the socialist and communist movements, it shows that the influence of internationalism is central to understanding the foreign policy of various left-wing parties and movements.

Table of Contents

Introduction, Michele Di Donato (University of Pisa, Italy) and Mathieu Fulla (The Paris Institute of Political Studies, France)

Part I: Reinventing Left-Wing Internationalisms in a Changing World

1. Transnational Socialism Entering a Nation-State: From Ottoman to Greek Socialism (1912-1922), Kostis Karpozilos (ASKI Athens, Greece)
2. A Transatlantic Connector: Bjarne Braatøy in the Intersections of Intelligence and Social Democracy 1923-1957, Nik. Brandal (Björknes University College, Norway) and Eirik Wig Sundvall (University of Agder, Norway)
3. Social Democracy and Anti-Communism in Cold War Asia: The Japan Socialist Party's Role in the Asian Socialist Conference in the 1950s, Yutaka Kanda (Niigata University, Japan)
4. Italian Communism and the 'Rediscovery' of the Third World (1956-1964), Silvio Pons (Scuola Normale Superiore-Fondazione Gramsci, Italy)
5. Proletarian Internationalism and Third World Liberation in the Life and Politics of South African Communist Dr Yusuf M. Dadoo, Arianna Lissoni (University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa)
6. A Discreet Alternative: The Socialist International's Ill-Fated Battle for “Global Keynesianism” and a New International Economic Order in the 1980s, Mathieu Fulla (The Paris Institute of Political Studies, France)

Part II: When Internationalisms Meet: Conflicts and Cross-Fertilisations

7. “This is the True International of which Moscow Only Dreams”. Contacts, Hybridisations and Ambiguities in the Encounter Between Socialist and Liberal Internationalism at the ILO in the 1920s, Adeline Blaszkiewicz (Paris 1 – Panthéon Sorbonne University, France)
8. The Eastern Bloc Countries and the Development Question at the United Nations in the 1960s and 1970s, Michel Christian (University of Geneva, Switzerland)
9. Sandinista Internationalism: the Nicaraguan Revolution and the Global Cold War, Mateo Jarquín (Chapman University, USA)
10. The Socialist International and Human Rights, Michele Di Donato (University of Pisa, Italy)
11. Solidarity Struggles: Transnational Feminisms and Cold War Lefts in the Global South, Jocelyn Olcott (Duke University, USA)

Part III: Grassroots Internationalisms, Informal Networks and New Mobilisations

12. The Left and the International Arena: The Rosenberg Case, Phillip Deery (Victoria University, Australia)
13. The Networks of Left-Wing Town Planning in Mediterranean Europe (1960s-early 1980s), Céline Vaz (UPHF, France)
14. An “Ecological Internationale?” Nuclear Energy Opponents in Western Europe (1975-1980), Andrew S. Tompkins (University of Sheffield, UK)
15. Analysing Informal and Indirect Participation to Transnational Activist Networks: The Case of Antiauthoritarian Feminists in Berlin and Montreal, Emeline Fourment (The Paris Institute of Political Studies, France)

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