The English Historical Review 128 (2013), 535

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The English Historical Review 128 (2013), 535.


Hrsg. v.
Martin Conway, Catherine Holmes
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06
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Herausgeber d. Zeitschrift
Martin Conway, Catherine Holmes
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ARTICLES EDITOR: Dr Martin Conway Balliol College University of Oxford Oxford OX1 3BJ UK BOOK REVIEW EDITOR: Dr Catherine Holmes University College University of Oxford Oxford OX1 4BH UK ASSISTANT EDITOR Catherine Wright The English Historical Review Faculty of History The Old Boys' High School George Street Oxford OX1 2RL UK Oxford University Press Great Clarendon Street Oxford, OX2 6DP, UK Tel: +44 (0)1865 556767 Fax: +44 (0)1865 267485

Articles

A Law of War? English Protection and Destruction of Ecclesiastical Property during the Fourteenth Century
Rory Cox
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1381-1417

Historians—both those who concentrate on military history and those who touch upon it in passing—often refer to the ‘laws of war’ in the middle ages without any clear idea of what this term actually implies. Ecclesiastical immunity during warfare has long been held as one such ‘law of war’; this article, however, questions the validity of identifying late medieval ideas of ecclesiastical immunity during wartime as valid ‘law’. The article focuses on English warfare in and around the fourteenth century (c.1290–c.1415), contrasting apparent attempts to protect ecclesiastical property with the widespread destruction of churches, abbeys, and other religious property during wartime. By comparing theoretical military conduct, as stipulated in military ordinances, with actual military conduct in the field, the article seeks to reveal medieval attitudes regarding the limitation of war. A number of English camp aigns from Edward I to Henry V are examined, with particular attention given to the Durham Ordinances of Richard II, created on the eve of his 1385 invasion of Scotland. It is argued that notions of ecclesiastical protection contained within military ordinances were based more on politico-military factors than on moral or legal considerations. Furthermore, it is argued, ecclesiastical immunity lacked fundamental characteristics of law—compliance, sanction, enforcement—and therefore cannot be identified as valid ‘law’.

Towards a New Jerusalem: The Committee for Regulating the Excise, 1649–1653
D’Maris Coffman
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1418-1450

The development of the British excise establishment shows a high degree of path dependence. The Long Parliament and Commonwealth used the excise ordinances as collateral for a wide array of public debt instruments. Because of the extra-constitutionality and dubious legality of domestic commodity taxation and the necessity of satisfying creditors, the introduction of the excises in the 1640s were marked by an unprecedented degree of transparency, accountability, and a commitment to maintaining the ‘publike faith.’ The Long Parliament’s practice of ‘administration by legislation,’ coupled with aggressive oversight by the Commonwealth Committee for Regulating the Excise, created a body of procedures and precedents that the Restoration Treasury preserved and adapted in its attempts to settle the revenue. Analysis of Restoration redactions of the Committee’s minute and order books, coupled with examination of successive salary lists, offers i nsight into how this knowledge was preserved and transferred through successive regimes. To a surprising degree, the structure of the eighteenth-century excise establishment was in place by 1654. The resulting narrative complements and refines claims made by Braddick for the evolution of the Interregnum excise establishment. Although the restoration of Charles II marked a return to court borrowing, the domestic excise, the most important fiscal innovation of the Interregnum period, survived regime change—albeit in reduced form. North and Weingast associated legal protection of creditors and taxpayers, a commitment to servicing debt, and the idea of ‘public credit’ with the Revolution of 1688/89. In doing so, they neglect the specifically English origins of the Financial Revolution.

Disorder, Discipline, and Naval Reform in Mid-Eighteenth-Century Britain
Sarah Kinkel
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1451-1482

Historians have considered a series of reforms in the mid-1740s to mark a turning-point between British naval failure and British naval success; they have argued that these reforms were commonsensical, and motivated by purely naval concerns. In contrast, this article argues that the form and function of the mid-century Navy were deeply contentious matters with serious ideological implications. The reforms instituted a new professional naval culture based on order, discipline, and obedience and were motivated at least as much by political concerns as by naval. Those who supported these naval reforms also wanted to see similar hierarchical and authoritarian values enforced in imperial governance and in domestic socio-political hierarchies. Those who opposed the reforms did so from fears that a professional Navy would be turned inward on British civilians and would unbalance the constitution by over-strengthening the executive. Rather than a military composed of disciplined p rofessionals, they advocated more widespread civilian participation in both military and political affairs. Contemporary Britons believed that the Navy represented a microcosm of the social order, and they projected their idealised versions of the Anglo-imperial polity onto naval debates.

The Protestant Influence on the Origins of Irish Home Rule, 1861–1871
J.J. Golden
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1483-1516

The campaigns for Irish Home Rule—self-government within the British Empire—shaped late Victorian British politics and dominated Irish nationalism for successive generations. However, the origins of the idea of Home Rule have not been sufficiently explored. Although Irish politics are often resolved into a Catholic/Nationalist and Protestant/Unionist dichotomy, this article examines the influence of Irish Anglicanism on the emergence of Home Rule. It argues that Irish Protestants viewed the establishment of the Church of Ireland as integral to the Act of Union, and that, consequently, nationalistic language conditioned the Church’s response to threats towards disestablishment. When the first Gladstone government did disestablish the Church in 1869, the experience of organising a lay-clerical synodical structure ironically provided a model of local Irish governance. The early Home Rulers, launching the Home Government Association in 1870, both built on the language of Protestant nationality developed in the opposition to Home Rule and used the Church’s synod as a framework for self-government within the British Empire. Culturally, this first Home Rule organisation had more similarities with a discussion society than with nationalist agitation. It argued for federalism as a way of securing a more workable version of the Union. In this iteration, Home Rule was highly Protestant in ethos and conservative in range.

Review Article

Leviathan
Deborah Baumgold
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1417-1524

Book Reviews

Romans, Barbarians, and the Transformation of the Roman World: Cultural Interaction and the Creation of Identity in Late Antiquity, ed. Ralph W. Mathisen and Danuta Shanzer
Edward James
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1525-1527

The Armenians in the Medieval Islamic World. Vol. I: The Arab Period in Armīniyah, Seventh to Eleventh Centuries, by Seta B. Dadoyan
Tara L. Andrews
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1527-1528

Bede and the End of Time, by Peter Darby
R. Sowerby
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1529-1531

Power and Its Problems in Carolingian Europe, by Stuart Airlie
Charles West
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1531-1532

Ansgar, Rimbert and the Forged Foundations of Hamburg-Bremen, by Eric Knibbs
Scott Ashley
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1533-1534

Flanders and the Anglo-Norman World, 1066–1216, by Eljas Oksanen
Judith A. Green
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1534-1536

The Cambridge Companion to Francis of Assisi, ed. Michael J.P. Robson
Thomas J. Herbst
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1536-1538

Poverty, Heresy and the Apocalypse: The Order of Apostles and Social Change in Medieval Italy, 1260–1307, by Jerry B. Pierce
G. Geltner
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1538-1539

Wales and the Welsh in the Middle Ages: Essays Presented to J. Beverley Smith, ed. R.A. Griffiths and P.R. Schofield
Susan M. Johns
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1539-1541

Integration und Desintegration der Kulturen im europäischen Mittelalter, ed. Michael Borgolte, Julia Dücker, Marcel Müllerburg and Bernd Schneidmüller
Len Scales
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1541-1544

Studying Medieval Rulers and their Subjects: Central Europe and Beyond, by János M. Bak, ed. Balázs Nagy and Gábor Klaniczay
Jonathan Shepard
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1544-1546

Municipal Officials, Their Public, and the Negotiation of Justice in Medieval Languedoc: Fear Not the Madness of the Raging Mob, by Patricia Turning
Hannah Skoda
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1546-1547

The Book of Michael of Rhodes: A Fifteenth-Century Maritime Manuscript. Volume I: Facsimile, ed. David McGee; Volume II: Transcription and Translation, ed. Alan M. Stahl; Volume III: Studies, ed. Pamela O. Long
Christopher Wright
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1547-1549

The Bohun of Fressingfield Cartulary, ed. Bridget Wells-Furby
Peter Coss
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1549-1550

The Late Medieval English Church: Vitality and Vulnerability before the Break with Rome, by G.W. Bernard
L. Sangha
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1550-1552

The Anglo-Florentine Renaissance: Art for the Early Tudors, ed. Cinzia Maria Sicca and Louis A. Waldman
C.S.L. Davies
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1552-1554

A European Frontier Elite: The Nobility of the English Pale in Tudor Ireland, 1496–1566, by Gerald Power
Dublin and the Pale in the Renaissance, c.1540–1660, ed. Michael Potterton and Thomas Herron
J.P.D. Cooper
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1554-1557

Brokering Empire: Trans-Imperial Subjects between Venice and Istanbul, by E. Natalie Rothman
Sally McKee
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1557-1558

A King Travels: Festive Traditions in Late Medieval and Early Modern Spain, by Teofilo F. Ruiz
Jodi Campbell
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1558-1560

Sacred History: Uses of the Christian Past in the Renaissance World, ed. Katherine van Liere, Simon Ditchfield and Howard Louthan
Jan Machielsen
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1560-1562

Alchymie a Rudolf II: Hledání tajemství přírody ve střední Evropě v 16. a 17. století, ed. Ivo Purš and Vladimír Karpenko
Rožmberkové: Rod českých velmožů a jeho cesta dějinami, ed. Jaroslav Pánek et al.
R.J.W. Evans
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1562-1564

The Earl of Essex and Late Elizabethan Political Culture, by Alexandra Gajda
Neil Younger
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1564-1566

Court Politics and the Earl of Essex, 1589–1601, by Janet Dickinson
Stephen Alford
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1566-1568

Theatre of State: Parliament and Political Culture in Early Stuart England, by Chris R. Kyle
John Morrill
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1568-1569

Godly Republicanism: Puritans, Pilgrims, and a City on a Hill, by Michael P. Winship
Owen Stanwood
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1569-1571

The Middleton Papers: The Financial Problems of a Yorkshire Recusant Family in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, ed. José Bosworth, Pat Hudson, Maureen Johnson and Denise Shillitoe
M.A. Jervis
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1571-1572

A Confusion of Tongues: Britain’s Wars of Reformation, 1625–1642, by Charles W.A. Prior
Clive Holmes
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1572-1574

The Sick Child in Early Modern England, 1580–1720, by Hannah Newton
Martin Ingram
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1574-1576

What Else is Pastoral? Renaissance Literature and the Environment, by Ken Hiltner
Andrew McRae
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1576-1577

Material Readings of Early Modern Culture: Texts and Social Practices, 1580–1730, ed. James Daybell and Peter Hinds
Marcy L. North
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1577-1579

Commercial Republicanism in the Dutch Golden Age: The Political Thought of Johan & Pieter de la Court, by Arthur Weststeijn
Charles-Édouard Levillain
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1579-1581

Devising, Dying and Dispute: Probate Litigation in Early Modern England, by Lloyd Bonfield
R.A. Houston
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1581-1583

Casualties of Credit: The English Financial Revolution, 1620–1720, by Carl Wennerlind
Ann M. Carlos
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1583-1585

Early Orientalism: Imagined Islam and the Notion of Sublime Power, by Ivan Kalmar
Robert Irwin
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1585-1586

Ireland and Empire, 1692–1770, by Charles Ivar McGrath
The Militia in Eighteenth-Century Ireland: In Defence of the Protestant Interest, by Neal Garnham
Aaron Graham
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1586-1590

The Little Republic: Masculinity and Domestic Authority in Eighteenth-Century Britain, by Karen Harvey
Faramerz Dabhoiwala
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1590-1591

Man’s Estate: Landed Gentry Masculinities, 1660–1900, by Henry French and Mark Rothery
Ben Griffin
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1591-1593

Poverty, Gender and the Life-cycle under the English Poor Law, 1760–1834, by Samantha Williams
David R. Green
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1593-1595

La Monarchie de Juillet, 1830–1848, by Gabriel de Broglie
Christopher Guyver
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1595-1596

French Liberalism from Montesquieu to the Present Day, ed. Raf Geenens and Helena Rosenblatt
G. Jacobson
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1596-1598

Legends of the Caucasus, by David Hunt
David Hopkin
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1598-1600

A People of One Book: The Bible and the Victorians, by Timothy Larsen
S.C. Williams
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1600-1602

Victorian Culture and Classical Antiquity: Art, Opera, Fiction, and the Proclamation of Modernity, by Simon Goldhill
H. Ellis
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1602-1603

The Risorgimento Revisited: Nationalism and Culture in Nineteenth-Century Italy, ed. Silvana Patriarca and Lucy Riall
Danilo Raponi
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1603-1605

William Gladstone: New Studies and Perspectives, ed. Roland Quinault, Roger Swift and Ruth Clayton Windscheffel
John-Paul McCarthy
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1605-1607

British Envoys to Germany, 1816–1866. Volume IV: 1851–1866, ed. Markus Mösslang, Chris Manias and Torsten Riotte
John R. Davis
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1607-1609

On the Fringes of Diplomacy: Influences on British Foreign Policy, 1800–1940, ed. John Fisher and Antony Best
Peter J. Yearwood
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1609-1612

Zwangsarbeit im Ersten Weltkrieg: Deutsche Arbeitskräftepolitik im besetzten Polen und Litauen, by Christian Westerhoff
Vejas Gabriel Liulevicius
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1612-1614

At Home and Under Fire: Air Raids and Culture in Britain from the Great War to the Blitz, by Susan R. Grayzel
Martin Francis
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1614-1616

The Spanish Holocaust: Inquisition and Extermination in Twentieth-Century Spain, by Paul Preston
Rob Stradling
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1616-1619

The Stalin Cult: A Study in the Alchemy of Power, by Jan Plamper
Judith Devlin
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1619-1621

On the Eve: The Jews of Europe before the Second World War, by Bernard Wasserstein
Steven Beller
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1621-1623

Reichskommissariat Ostland: Tatort und Erinnerungsobjekt, ed. Sebastian Lehmann, Robert Bohn and Uwe Danker
Jeff Rutherford
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1623-1625

In War’s Wake: Europe’s Displaced Persons in the Postwar Order, by Gerard Daniel Cohen
Sharif Gemie
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1625-1627

Novel Outlooks on the Marshall Plan: American Aid and European Re-Industrialization, ed. by Francesca Fauri and Paolo Tedeschi
Kathleen Burk
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1627-1628

Le choix de la CEE par la France: L’Europe économique en débat de Mendès France à de Gaulle (1955–1969), by Laurent Warlouzet
E. Chabal
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1628-1630

Modern Motherhood: Women and Family in England, 1945–2000, by Angela Davis
Laura King
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1630-1632

Ages of Reform: Dawns and Downfalls of the British Left, by Kenneth O. Morgan
Matthew Johnson
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1632-1634

Army, Empire, and Cold War: The British Army and Military Policy, 1945–1971, by David French
Wm. Roger Louis
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1634-1636

Bought and Sold: Living and Losing the Good Life in Socialist Yugoslavia, by Patrick Hyder Patterson
Catherine Baker
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1636-1638

Other Publications
Attention is also drawn to the following publications:
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1639-1644

Annual Index
English Historical Review 2013 128: 1645-1648

Zitation
The English Historical Review 128 (2013), 535. in: H-Soz-Kult, 13.12.2013, <www.hsozkult.de/journal/id/zeitschriftenausgaben-7942>.
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