OBSAH / CONTENTS
Nicholas of Szécsény and Salgó – an exceptional man at the court of Sigismund of Luxembourg (A contribution to the court culture and functioning of the court of the King of Hungary at the beginning of the 15th century)
The study is a reconstruction of the life of a Hungarian magnate active at the Hungarian court of Sigismund of Luxembourg, Nicholas of Szécsény and Salgó. It is also a sounding into life at the court of the King of Hungary. As a result of his eccentric and exceptional character Nicholas of Salgó became a victim of the hatred of some of Sigismund’s courtiers. This led to a plot, due to which he was condemned and exiled from Hungary. He spent the last years of his life in Venice. The documents in the Venetian archives concerning Nicholas’ possessions, which were not studied up to now, provide substantial additional evidence on the Venetian exile of this Hungarian baron, his eccentric way of life and exceptional education.
Hungarian nobility. Royal court. Sigismund of Luxembourg. Medieval aristocratic libraries. Lifestyle of a medieval nobleman. Slaves in the Middle Ages. Lovers and concubines.
“We are pleased to expect you on this joyful day...”.
Weddings as an important part of family festivities of the Esterházys in the first half of the 17th century
The study is a sounding into the family festivities of one of the most important families in Early Modern Hungary, the Esterházys. The picture of the wedding ritual is supplemented with examples from other aristocratic families. Aristocratic weddings were one of the important instruments of family policy and a potential source of increased power. The Palatine Nicholas Esterházy was a great strategist in the field of marriage in the first half of the 17th century. It is difficult to imagine that he would have gained the office of Palatine without his two advantageous marriages. Nicholas Esterházy conceived a family policy, in the context of which he planned the marriages of his descendants. He also organized and supported marriages at his court. Thanks to these marriages, he created a whole web of relationships at his court and in the counties where his properties were situated. Apart from marital politics, the study also examines the actual practices connected with weddings in this period, from engagement and banns to the actual ceremony.
Esterházy. Hungarian aristocracy. Family policy. Wedding. Wedding ceremony.Early Modern period
Nepotism in the administration of the County of Liptov in the 18th century
The study presents the results of a new form of research on the official elites in the counties at the time of great changes in the role of county administrations in the 18th century. Evidence of the process of building nepotism comes from uncovering the family backgrounds of members of the Liptov official elite on the basis of registers and genealogical tables. Thus, the study adds a new dimension to the, at first sight, uninteresting lists of members of the county administration. There was a dense network of blood and “spiritual” kinship ties in the background of the selection of elected officials. They started with the richest and most influential Liptov families: Okolicsány and Szent-Ivány, members of which were elected to the position of deputy sheriff. Both families relied on help from the sheriff from the Illésházy family, who appointed officials if one died or suddenly resigned from his position.
County. 18th century. Relations. Deputy sheriff. Sheriff. Nobility.
The Slovak Academy of Sciences and Arts in the years 1945 – 1952
The development of the Slovak Academy of Sciences and Arts in the turbulent period 1945 – 1952 documents the illusory nature of ideas about the possibility of the autonomous development of science and research in a society experiencing great political shocks. The article analyses the political and ideological influences that inevitably directed the functioning of the academy. The institution was formally apolitical, but, in reality, it was largely dependent on the current government, so it inevitably became an object of political struggles in the state. The aim of the article is also to point out how the academy attempted to make pragmatic use of the current political situation to achieve the status of the leading institution in Slovak science and research.
The Slovak Academy of Sciences and Arts. Organization of scientific research.Communist Party. Ideologization. Marxist science.
The Communist Party of Slovakia 1945 – 1948. Membership, organization, leadership, party apparatus, relationship to the Communist Party of Czecho-slovakia
The Communist Party of Slovakia (CPS) formed in May 1939, became a government party in spring 1945. Its membership base grew rapidly, reaching almost 200,000 by the end of 1945. After re-registration of members and party screening at the end of 1945 and beginning of 1946, the party had about 150,000 members in the middle of 1946, but their number was again approaching 200,000 at the time of the February coup of 1948. The organizational structure of the CPS comprised four parts. The first was the local or village organizations, the second was the district organizations in all 80 districts, and the third was the 11 regional organizations. The fourth and highest part was the leadership of the CPS, that is the Central Committee and associated bodies. The CPS had a professional party apparatus. It was not very numerous, with perhaps 200 functionaries from the districts to the centre. This number increased only slightly up to February 1948. After the liberation, the central figures in the leadership of the CPS were Karol Šmidke and Gustáv Husák. This leadership was removed at the national conference of the CPS at Žilina in August 1945. Viliam Široký became chairman of the party, and Štefan Bašťovanský became general secretary. The CPS was formally an independent political party, but it worked in unity with the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, active in the Czech Lands, and was subordinate to its political line.
Communist Party of Slovakia. Membership. Organization. Party apparatus. Leadership of the CPS. 1945 – 1948.
RECENZIE / REVIEWS
TEICH Mikuláš – KOVÁČ Dušan – BROWN Martin D., Slovakia in History (Adam Hudek) S. 121
DUDEKOVÁ Gabriela et al., On the Road to the Modern Woman. Chapters from the History of Gender Relations in Slovakia (Ivan Kamenec) S. 124
PETRUF Pavol, The Foreign Policy of the Slovak Republic 1939 – 1945 (Dagmar Čierna-Lantayová) S. 127
TISO Jozef, Speeches and Articles. Vol. I (1913 – 1938), Vol. II (1938 – 1944), Vol. III (1944 – 1947). Editors: Miroslav Fabricius, Katarína Hradská, Ladislav Suško (Milan Zemko) S. 131
KRITIK – GLOSSEN – BIBLIOGRAPHIE – CHRONIK