Bohemia 38 (1997), 2

Titel der Ausgabe 
Bohemia 38 (1997), 2

München 1997: Collegium Carolinum
Jahrespreis € 49,80, Einzelheft € 32,80



Bohemia. Zeitschrift für Geschichte und Kultur der böhmischen Länder
Dr. Stephanie Weiss, Collegium Carolinum e.V., Hochstr. 8, 81669 München
Redaktion H-Soz-Kult, HSK



Cechura, Jaroslav
Das Modernisierungspotential der Revolten von Braunau 1680

In the history of the Bohemian lands, the year 1680 is imprinted with the picture of the great wave of peasant rebellion. Thus, unrest and in some cases even open opposition in several towns against their respective landlords have been overshadowed by these peasant revolts.
In this study, the author examines a practically unknown event: the rebellion of the people of the town of Braunau, which did not have imperial status and belonged, together with the region around the neighbouring Politz, to the Benedictine monastery of Braunau. Cechura offers a detailed reconstruction of the Braunau events of 1680 and attempts to explain them by way of comparison with what happened throughout Europe. As particularly important in this respect he treats. Andreas Wuergler's concept of the "modernization potential inherent in revolts", which, applied to Braunau, highlights far-reaching similarities with developments in the southwest of the empire and in the Swiss Confederation.

Thomas, Alfred
Form, Gender and Ethnicity in the Work of Three Ninenteenth-Century Czech Women Writers

Albrecht, Catherine
Chambers of Commerce and Czech-German Relations in the Late Nineteenth Century

Schulze Wessel, Martin
Tschechische Nation und katholische Konfession vor und nach der Gruendung des Tschechoslowakischen Nationalstaates
The article sketches the function of religious denomination in the modern national movement of the 19th century and highlights the consequences of the founding of a Czechoslovak national state for the relation between dominant nation and Catholic denomination, which is described as a struggle for preeminence ("Kulturkampf") comparable to events in other European national states. The author examines both the church-state relationship and the relationship between nation and denomination. And he proves that the argument in the pertinent debates was national and historical, not theological in character.
And that, moreover, the attempt of the "progressive" parties and societies to create, by way of founding a national state, an anti-clerical nation, triggered a counterreaction: an activation and centralization of Catholic parties and societies. At the end of the first decade in the history of the new republic it had become obvious that no fundamental change in the relationship between nation and denomination had come about.

Pfaff, Ivan
Der tschechische Antifaschismus ohne Legenden
Czech resistance against German occupation during World War II has never been held in high esteem. This is generally put down to the fact that demolition by the Germans in the Protectorate of Bohemia-Moravia was relatively minor, which in turn suggests, as the argument goes, a considerable degree of Czech collaboration. The study about Czech social mentality in the 30s by Ivan Pfaff is an attempt at correcting distorted views of the so-called "anti-fascism", widespread as they are even today. Apart from a theoretical discussion of the terminology involved and a bibliography of the relevant studies by communist historians, Pfaff offers an analysis of the different forms of Czech dissent and opposition, passive as well as active, against anti-liberal and anti-democratic views in the interwar period.


Polivka, Miloslav
Mediaevalia Historica Bohemica
Mediaevalia Historica Bohemica (MHB) is a new non-periodical series of publications by the Historical Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences. New, but not without precedent. The first MHB volume appeared in 1991, but the series is closely related to the earlier Folia Historica Bohemica (FHB), the first volume of which appeared in 1979 and which was launched as a successor to yet another series, Mediaevalia Bohemica, which was banned in 1974. In this article, the author describes the quest of Prague-based Medievalists for an adequate publishing platform, and he gives the gist of some of the studies that have appeared so far.

Drews, Peter
Der zweifache Tod des Julius Fucik
When the first critical edition of Julius Fucik's "Notes From Under the Gallows" appeared in 1994, it offered an answer to decades of speculation about the authenticity, or otherwise, of one of the most widely known works of Czech postwar literature. Its author, Julius Fucik (1903-1943), a journalist and author of literary reviews, was taken in custody in Prague on April 24, 1942, for being a leading figure of Czech communist resistance, was sentenced to death in Berlin on August 25, 1943, and executed on September 9 in Ploetzensee. During the period of detention, he took notes, which were smuggled out of prison. In postwar Czechoslovakia, these notes became one of the most important manifestations of communist hero worship. The study by Peter Drews offers, for the first time, a comprehensive history of the genesis and worldwide reception of the Fucik myth, and of its end. The latest critical edition of the "Notes", from this point of view, appears as "an atmospheric document of an extremely dark period, from the pe of an author whose tragic death is at least partly due to political naiveté" and who, even after his death, became victim of "yet another dark age".


Die Sudetendeutsche Heimatfront (Partei) 1933-1938: Zur Bestimmung ihres politisch-ideologischen Standortes
When the historians Christoph Boyer (Dresden) and Jaroslav Kucera (Prague) last year published, in the framework of a collective volume on regional and local research on the subject of National Socialism in international comparison, an article on "Die Deutschen in Boehmen, die Sudetendeutsche Partei und der Nationalsozialismus" (Germans in Bohemia, the Sudeten German Party, and National Socialism), they were sharply criticised by Friedrich Prinz in the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (FAZ):"It is a representation which, ideologically, is largely coherent with the old Czechoslovak state ideology". Since the two authors were not given the opportunity for a reply in the FAZ , they approached Bohemia.. The journal's editors eagerly accepted the offer and in turn approached well-known experts - apart from Friedrich Prinz also Ronald Smelser, Vaclav Kural, and Ralf Gebel - for their opinion on this controversy, which is discussed not only in the German and the Czech general public, but also among the historians of both nations. Regrettably, only the last-named three took the opportunity.

Christoph Boyer / Jaroslav Kucera
Alte Argumente im neuen Licht

Ronald M. Smelser
Von alten und neuen Fragestellungen

Vaclav Kural
Zwischen Othmar Spann und Adolf Hitler

Ralf Gebel
Zwischen Volkstumskampf und Nationalsozialismus


Robert Luft
Zwei interdisziplinaere Bohemisten-Treffen 1997

Robert Luft
Die Sprachenfrage in den boehmischen Ländern

Boris Barth
Die deutsche und die tschechoslowakische Wirtschaft in der Zwischenkriegszeit

Hans Lemberg
Eine vergleichende Tagung zu Bevoelkerungstransfers

Eva Hahn
Geschichte Europas nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg

Milena Krobotova
Internationales Seminar in Olmuetz

Neue Literatur

Martin Schulze Wessel
Magocsi, Paul R.Historical Atlas of East Central Europe

Eva Hahn
Zdenek Vesely (Hrsg.), Dejiny ceskeho statu v dokumentech.

Witold Molik
Tobjanski, Zbigniew Czesi w Polsce

Ferdinand Seibt
Urkundenregesten zur Taetigkeit des deutschen Koenigs- und Hofgerichts bis 1451. Bd.8: Die Zeit Karls IV. (1369-1364)

Ferdinand Seibt
Dotzauer Winfried, Ueberlegungen zur Goldenen Bulle Karls IV. unter besonderer Beruecksichtigung des rechtlichen Hintergrundes

Herbert Lange
Polisensky Josef, Kollmann Josef, Valdstejn. Ani cisar, ani kral

Josef Valka
Golz Reinhard, Korthaase Werner, Schaefer Erich (Hrsg.), Comenius und unsere Zeit

Joachim Bahlcke
Seidel Robert, Spaethumanismus in Schlesien. Caspar Dornau (1517-1631). Leben und Werk

Joachim Bahlcke
Eickels Christine von, Schlesien im boehmischen Ständestaat. Voraussetzungen und Verlauf der boehmischen Revolution von 1618 in Schlesien

Joachim Bahlcke
Kremer Stephan, Herkunft und Werdegang geistlicher Führungsschichten in den Reichsbistümern

Jiri-Joseph Vesely
Die Protokolle des österreichen Ministerrates 1848-1867. Abteilung I: Die Ministerien des Revolutionsjahres 1848

Eva Hahn
Rak Jiri, Byvali Cechove... Ceske historicke myty a stereotypy

Bedrich Loewenstein
Havelka Milos (Hrsg.), Spor o smysl ceskych dejin 1895-1938

Eva Hahn
Die boehmischen Länder in der deutschen Geschichtsschreibung seit dem Jahre 1848

Joachim Lang
Krejci Oskar, History of Elections in Bohemia and Moravia

Christoph Boyer
Lukes Igor, Czechoslovakia between Stalin and Hitler. The Diplomacy of Edvard Benes in the 1930s

Martin Schulze Wessel
Loewenstein Shimona, Emanuel Radl. Philosoph und Moralist 1873-1942

Joerg K. Hoensch
Kelly David, The Czech Fascist Movement 1922-1942

Volker Zimmermann
Habel Fritz Peter, Eine politische Legende. Die Massenvertreibung von Tschechen aus dem Sudetengebiet 1938/39

Ralf Gebel
Celovsky Boris, So oder so. Reseni ceske otazky podle nemeckych dokumentu 1933-1945

Tatjana Toensmeyer
Tomasek Dusan, Kvacek Robert, Causa Emil Hacha

Maria Frankova Bezchlebova
Theresienstaedter Studien und Dokumente 1995

Helmut Teufel
AnitaStichova, Eva Cesta - cil neznamy

Detlef Brandes
Ivan Stovicek und Jaroslay Valenta (Hrsg.), Ceskoslovensko-polska jednani o konfederaci 1939-1944

Helmut Slapnicka
Jech Karel, Kaplan Karel (Hrsg.), Dekrety prezidenta republiky 1940-1945

Martin Schulze Wessel
Janisova Milena, Kaplan Karel (Hrsg.), Katolicka cirkev a pozemkova reforma 1945-1948

K. Erik Franzen
Angekommen! Angenommen? Flucht und Vertreibung 1945 bis 1995

Martin K. Bachstein
Martin Hans-Werner, "...nicht spurlos aus der Geschichte verschwinden". Wenzel Jaksch und die Integration der sudetendeutschen Sozialdemokraten

Wilma A.Iggers
Linhart Friedrich, Ein Mann aus Zwittau. Leben zwischen slawischen Völkern in Frieden und Krieg

Josef Hemmerle
Jahrbuch für sudetendeutsche Museen und Archive 1993-1994

Jiri Kosta
Sulc Zdislav, Strucne dejiny ekonomickych reforem v Ceskoslovensku (Ceske Republice) 1945-1995

Eva Hahn
Sulc Zdislav, Moderni dejiny. Sbornik k dejinam 19. a 20. stoleti, Bd.2: Ceskoslovensko: Nahodilost, nebo logika dejin?

Joerg K. Hoensch
Leff Carol Skalnik, The Czech and Slovak Republics. Nation Versus State

Christiane Brenner
Canek David, Narod, narodnost, mensiny a rasismus

Ferdinand Seibt
Hahnova Eva, Sudetonemecky problem: Obtizne louceni s minulosti

Vaclav Maidl
Becher Peter, Zwischen München, Prag und Wien

Steffen Hoehne
Monikova Libuse, Prager Fenster. Essays

Steffen Hoehne
Krisztins-Maenicke-Gyoengyoesi (Hrsg.) Öffentliche Konfliktdiskurse um Restitution von Gerechtigkeit, politische Verantwortung und nationale Identität

Christiane Brenner
Christiane Lemke, Virginia Penrose und Uta Ruppert (Hrsg.), Frauenbewegung und Frauenpolitik in Osteuropa

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