Historical Social Research Vol. 37 (2012), No. 3
Special IssueManfred Thaller (Ed.): Controversies around the Digital Humanities
FocusEric A. Johnson, Ricardo D. Salvatore & Pieter Spierenburg (Eds.): Murder and Mass Murder in Pre-Modern Latin America: From Pre-Colonial Aztec Sacrifices to the End of Colonial Rule
The SPECIAL ISSUE "Controversies around the Digital Humanities" presents the proceedings of a workshop that took place at Wahn Manor House, Cologne, on April 23rd-24th 2012, celebrating the fiftieth anniversary of the first conference on the use of computer technology in the Humanities. This anniversary finds the Digital Humanities alive and well established. Sufficiently well established, that the workshop has been specifically organized to avoid an unrealistically harmonious picture and focus instead on some of the questions, where serious differences of opinion exist within the community. As the Digital Humanities have recently been embedded frequently into the general development of digital resources in the world of digital libraries, this broad definition of the field is used. Pairs of speakers known to support different points of view have discussed the following questions: (a) Should he Digital Humanities be understood more as a methodology or more as an infrastructure? (b) Are really all the different national traditions of the field converging in today’s mainstream Digital Humanities view? (c) Is there an overall methodology of the Digital Humanities, beyond solutions for individual disciplines? (d) What is the role of markup? (e) How should infrastructures for the Digital Humanities be constructed? (f) What is the relative importance of conceptual v. technical arguments in constructing Digital Humanities solutions? (g) What is the relationship in well defined fields, as e.g. Digital Libraries, between abstract considerations and Computer Science? Over the past several decades, the study of violence and homicide in a number of pre-modern and modern European societies has become an area of considerable scholarly focus. Through the painstaking efforts of many scholars, we now can state with considerable confidence that the long-term trajectory of homicide rates in most European societies has undergone a dramatic decline over the centuries. Indeed homicide rates on average in European societies appear to have declined by a factor of fifteen to twenty times from the late 15th century to the present, with the biggest drop taking place in the years between roughly 1450 and 1750.
In the HSR-FOCUS "Murder and Mass Murder in Pre-Modern Latin America" six scholars from five different countries and three different continents collaborate to discern if similar trends took place during these same years in violent behavior in Latin American societies. Although only some parallels are immediately apparent, this collaborative and comparative effort marks perhaps a beginning scientific step toward an understanding of patterns of Latin American and global violence over the long haul of history.
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PART I – SPECIAL ISSUE: Controversies around the Digital Humanities
Manfred ThallerControversies around the Digital Humanities: An Agenda. S. 7
Willard McCartyThe Residue of Uniqueness. S. 24
Susan SchreibmanDigital Humanities: Centres and Peripheries. S. 46
Domenico FiormonteTowards a Cultural Critique of the Digital Humanities. S. 59
Jan Christoph MeisterDH is Us or on the Unbearable Lightness of a Shared Methodology. S. 77
Jeremy HuggettCore or Periphery? Digital Humanities from an Archaeological Perspective. S. 86
Espen S. OreDocument Markup – Why? How? S. 106
Desmond SchmidtThe Role of Markup in the Digital Humanities. S. 125
Sheila Anderson & Tobias BlankeTaking the Long View: From e-Science Humanities to Humanities Digital Ecosystems. S. 147
Joris van ZundertIf You Build It, Will We Come? Large Scale Digital Infrastructures as a Dead End for Digital Humanities. S. 165
Helen R. TibboPlacing the Horse before the Cart: Conceptual and Technical Dimensions of Digital Curation. S. 187
Henry M. GladneyLong-Term Digital Preservation: A Digital Humanities Topic? S. 201
Hans-Christoph HobohmCan Digital Libraries Generate Knowledge? S. 218
PART II – FOCUS: Murder and Mass Murder in Pre-Modern Latin America
Eric A. Johnson, Ricardo D. Salvatore & Pieter SpierenburgMurder and Mass Murder in Pre-Modern Latin America: From Pre-Colonial Aztec Sacrifices to the End of Colonial Rule, an IntroductoryComparison with European Societies. S. 233
Wolfgang GabbertThe longue durée of Colonial Violence in Latin America. S. 254
Caroline Dodds PennockMass Murder or Religious Homicide? Rethinking Human Sacrifice and Interpersonal Violence in Aztec Society. S. 276
Martha FewMedical Humanitarianism and Smallpox Inoculation in Eighteenth-Century Guatemala. S. 303
PART III – MIXED ISSUE
Sarah Moreels & Mattijs VandezandeMigration and Reproduction in Transitional Times. Stopping Behaviour of Immigrants and Natives in the Belgian City of Antwerp (1810-1925). S. 32
Gunnar Lind Haase Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard Svendsen & Peter GraeffExplaining the Emergence of Social Trust: Denmark and Germany. S. 351
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