Historical Social Research 47 (2022), 2

Titel der Ausgabe 
Historical Social Research 47 (2022), 2
Weiterer Titel 
Drifting Apart / Transforming Cities

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GESIS – Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften
Historical Social Research (HSR)
Unter Sachsenhausen 6-8
Journal Historical Social Research
Philip Jost Janssen, Knowledge Exchange & Outreach, GESIS - Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften

HSR Forum I - Drifting Apart: The Dissociation of States from International Cooperation and its Consequences (Matthias Dembinski & Dirk Peters)
HSR Forum II - Transforming Cities, Negotiating Centrality: Markets and Civic Buildings in Comparative Perspective (XVth c. – XXth c.). (Colin Arnaud, Nora Lafi & Alessandra Ferrighi)

The international order is in turmoil. The dissociation of states from international institutions, that is, withdrawals from international organizations such as Brexit or retreat from international cooperation such as Russia’s drift out of a pan-European security order, is the most visible expression of this crisis. The recent trend toward de-globalization is likely to make dissociation even more prominent in the future. Despite their political significance, the consequences of dissociation have hardly been explored in academic debates. This HSR Forum addresses this gap by bringing together five studies of historical and contemporary cases of dissociation: Iran’s dissociation from the West, East Germany’s withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact, Russia’s drift from European security cooperation, China’s distancing from global financial institutions, and Brexit. The introduction to this forum develops a common research framework and sets out joint conclusions. The cases indicate that dissociation contributes to heightened tensions in future relations between exiting and remaining states, and that withdrawal from international institutions often has domestic effects that complicate these processes. They also show that the extent of future tensions depends on how dissociation was managed. In particular, the emphasis on conflicts over basic norms and values, in contrast to distributional conflicts, increases the level of tensions.

According to an established narrative, Western towns have been modernized during 19th century for hygienical reasons. The markets and the civic buildings, which have usually formed a spatial unity since the Middle Ages, have been separated from each other. This process was supposed to begin in Europe and to be only later and partly actualised in Asia and Africa following the Western model. This HSR Forum on the spatial interactions between political and commercial centres questions this narrative: Did this process begin in the 19th century? Did it only represent the response to a hygienical matter, or also to social conflicts? Was the Western city the only model for the modernization of city centres? Two articles regarding the Early Modern Period (about the market infrastructure of Polish Towns and about the Cathedral Square of Milan), a third article about the new civic and market buildings of Coimbra (Portugal) in the 19th century, and a fourth article on the transformations of the Kasbah in Tunis in the Modern Period bring open answers to these questions. The search for tendentially inclusive or exclusive central places, here analysed through the notions of horizontal and vertical centrality, offers conceptual tools for a perspective change.



Matthias Dembinski & Dirk Peters
Drifting Apart: Examining the Consequences of States’ Dissociation from International Cooperation – A Framework.
doi: 10.12759/hsr.47.2022.14

Frank Bösch & Daniel Walter
Iran’s Dissociation from Cooperation with the West between the 1960s and 1980s.
doi: 10.12759/hsr.47.2022.15

Susanne Maslanka
The Withdrawal of the GDR from the Warsaw Pact – Expectations, Hopes, and Disappointments in German-Soviet Relations During the Dissociation Process.
doi: 10.12759/hsr.47.2022.16

Mikhail Polianskii
The Perils of Ruxit: Russia’s Tension-Ridden Dissociation from the European Security Order.
doi: 10.12759/hsr.47.2022.17

Sinan Chu
Dissociation via Alternative Institutions: The Establishment of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and US-China Conflict.
doi: 10.12759/hsr.47.2022.18

Dirk Peters
Brexit: The Perils of Dissociation by Negotiation.
doi: 10.12759/hsr.47.2022.19

Colin Arnaud, Alessandra Ferrighi & Nora Lafi
Transforming Cities, Negotiating Centrality: Markets and Civic Buildings in Comparative Perspective (XVth c. - XXth c.). An Introduction.
doi: 10.12759/hsr.47.2022.20

Anna Paulina Orłowska & Patrycja Szwedo-Kielczewska
Infrastructure and Centrality in Town during Annual Fairs. Three Polish Examples (1385–1655).
doi: 10.12759/hsr.47.2022.21

Stefano D’Amico
The Governor, the Bishop, and the Patricians: The Contest for the Cathedral Square in Spanish Milan (1535–1706).
doi: 10.12759/hsr.47.2022.22

Margarida Relvão Calmeiro
From Boundary to New Centrality. The Transformation of the Santa Cruz Monastery to Accommodate the New Facilities of the Liberal State During the Nineteenth Century.
doi: 10.12759/hsr.47.2022.23

Beya Abidi-Belhadj
Transforming and Interpreting the Kasbah: The Negotiation of Centrality in Tunis.
doi: 10.12759/hsr.47.2022.24

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